Press of the BeComingOne Church

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[Taken from the New Mind Papers  by Walter R. Dolen
 Copyright © 1977-2003 by Walter R. Dolen and/or BeComingOne Church]

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NM 16:God's Appointed Times: Tabernacle, Festivals, and Sacrifices 
Foreshadowed Christ

Patterns Foreshadowed Future
Three Harvests
First Harvest: Passover
Sheaf of First Fruit: Time of First Harvest
Second Harvest: Pentecost
Feast of Trumpets
Day of Atonement
Third & Final Harvest: Feast of Tabernacles
Jubilee Harvest
Review: Three Orders of Creation
Sacrifices and Jesus Christ
Tabernacle Table
Tabernacle's Measurement: Higher Meaning
Spiritual Bread & Other Higher Meanings
What is the Lord's Body?
Passover Scriptures
Washing of Feet

NM16 Abstract

Appointed times were festivals and holy days such as the Sabbath, Passover, and Pentecost. During these appointed times there were various rituals and sacrifices that were performed. Moses constructed a Tabernacle in which to perform these rituals. What we show in this paper is that all these things foreshadowed the appointed times of God's plan and the Coming Christ and his Spiritual Body (Church). This paper again manifests the type and antitype of the Bible.

Patterns in the Bible Foreshadow the Future

nm531» When attempting to understand the higher or Spiritual meaning in the Bible, the patterns of the Bible must be observed, marked and understood. If our beliefs go against the patterns in scripture we are in error. Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible. When you read these books you see patterns occurring again and again. For example, again and again, you see the pattern of six periods of work, one of rest, and one of atonement (see NM15). What we do in the BeComingOne Papers is to point out these patterns, and the type and antitype aspect of these patterns (see BP4; etc.). Not only in the books of Moses do you see these patterns, but in all the books of the Bible. But why did Moses and others write down these patterns? It is because God directed this to be done. In Moses' case, Moses was directed to make the tabernacle and all its furniture by the pattern shown to him on the mountain:

  • Let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them.. According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern [type or image] of the tabernacle and the pattern [type or image] of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it. (Exod 25:8-9)
  • See that you make them after the pattern [type or image] for them, which was shown to you on the mountain. (Exod 25:40)
  • Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to its plan which you have been shown in the mountain. (Exod 26:30)
  • Now this was the workmanship of the lampstand [candlestick], hammered work of gold; from its base to its flowers it was hammered work; according to the pattern [type or image] which the LORD had showed Moses, so he made the lampstand. (Num 8:4)
  • Our fathers had the tabernacle of testimony in the wilderness, just as He who spoke to Moses directed him to make it according to the pattern which he had seen. (Acts 7:44)
  • [Priests] who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned by God when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, see, He says, that you make all things according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain. (Heb 8:5)
  • For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. (Heb 10:1)
  • Now these things [in O.T.] happened as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they also craved. (1Cor 10:6)

nm532 » Even the way the sacrifices were performed was done by the direction of God. The book of Leviticus was primarily devoted to the ministry and ceremonies of the priests. In this book, over fifty-times Moses wrote that God spoke, or, that is, God told Moses what to write pertaining to the sacrifices and ceremonies. In this book there was

  • the law of the grain offering (Lev 6:14)
  • the law of the sin offering (Lev 6:25)
  • the law of the guilt offering (Lev 7:1)
  • the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings (Lev 7:11)

In fact there was a "law of the burnt offering, the grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering and the ordination offering and the sacrifice of peace offerings, which the LORD commanded Moses at Mount Sinai in the day that He commanded the sons of Israel to present their offerings to the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai." (Lev 7:37-38) These laws were a shadow of things to come (Heb 10:1).

nm533» Not only were there patterns to the tabernacle and the rituals of the Old Testament, but as Paul indicated also other laws, even laws that dealt with animals were a shadow of future things that pertain to Christians:

  • The elders who rule well are to be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching. For the Scripture says, "you shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing," and "The laborer is worthy of his wages." (1Tim 5:17-18)

Notice how Paul used a scriptural law meant for an ox to teach Christians about how to best treat their Spiritual elders.

Appointed Times

nm534» In Leviticus, chapter , it describes the appointed times ("feasts") of God: "And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say to them, Concerning the appointed times of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my appointed times" (Lev 23:2).

Festivals Foreshadowed the Future

nm535» Most of the so-called Christians say these appointed times or seasons were done away with. But we will show that these appointed times or seasons have a higher and Spiritual meaning. The New Testament Church, unlike the physical Israelites, perceived these appointed times in a Spiritual way because of Christ's own Spirit and these words: "But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in Spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him. God is Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in Spirit and in truth" (John 4:23-24). "Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day - things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ" (Col 2:16-17). These Old Testament festivals were a shadow of things to come.

nm536» Throughout Paul's scripture, he manifests Spiritual worship, or Spiritual thoughts toward God. Paul's writings show the type and antitype of the Bible. Paul, speaking about the Old Testament scripture, says:

  • "These things were our types . . .. Now all these things happened typically unto them: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come" (1Cor 10:6,11).
  • The things described in the Old Testament were typical events just as Moses' tabernacle was a shadow of the heavenly things to come" (Heb 8:5).
  • The tabernacle "which is a type for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make the worshiper perfect in conscience." (Heb 9:9)
  • "For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near." (Heb 10:1)

nm537 » The Old Testament festivals and Sabbaths were typical representations of things to come afterward. We will explain these appointed times and show their higher meanings. In short, we will see that the appointed times or seasons pictured the appointed times of God's plan and Jesus Christ and his Spiritual Body (Church).


Six Days of Work; One Day of Rest

nm538» The Sabbath is one of God's appointed times. Notice in Lev 23:2, "these are my appointed times." Then in the next verse, "Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings."

nm539» The Sabbath is the seventh day of the week. The Jews of today celebrate the Sabbath. The Sabbath is what we call Saturday. Most so-called Christians keep Sunday, but there is no scripture that says we should keep Sunday. God instituted the Sabbath as the seventh day, the day of rest:

  • "Thus the heavens and the earth were being [imperfect verb] finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God will end [imp. verb] his work which he had made; and he will rest [imp. verb] on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and set it apart: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made" (Gen 2:1-3).

So God blessed and set the seventh day apart from the rest of the days.

nm540» Before Moses was given the precepts of Jehovah, the Sabbath was pointed out to the children of Israel (Exod 16:1-31). In the words of the ten commandments:

  • "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it set apart. Six says shall you labor, and do all your work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your servant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested [imp. verb] the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and set it apart" (Exod 20:8-10).

nm541» The Sabbath is a memorial. The Sabbath has us remember the six days of creation when God created the universe. On the seventh day of this creation God rested from his work. But further, the Sabbath is a memorial to the Israelite people coming out of Egypt:

  • "And remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord your God brought you out of there through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord your God directed you to keep the Sabbath day" (Deut 5:15).

nm542» Now as Paul projected to us in his letters, the Old Testament was the type of the antitype, or the Shadow of the true or real. The Sabbath has an antitypical meaning. It foreshadows something (Col 2:16-17).

If God had given them Rest

nm543» In the fourth chapter of Hebrews Paul shows us the antitypical meaning of the seventh day rest, the Sabbath:

  • "For he spoke in a certain place of the seventh day this way, 'and God did rest [aorist verb] the seventh day from all his works.' And in this place again, 'If they shall enter into my rest [Sabbath].' Seeing therefore it remains that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief . . .. For if Jesus had given them rest [aorist verb], then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. There remains therefore a rest [Sabbath] to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also has ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest [Sabbath] lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief" (Heb 4:4-11).

Now this other rest that God's people shall enter is the 1000 year rest (Rev 20:4-5), the millennium Sabbath of peace. This is the 1000 year Sabbath when the Spiritual "Israel of God" (Gal 6:16) shall have fled out of spiritual Egypt and entered God's promised land. "The Son of man [Christ] is Lord also of the Sabbath" (Mark 2:28). It is Christ who shall rule as King of kings in the 1000 year Sabbath wherein the Israel of God will cease from its own works.

Physical Sabbath Spiritual Sabbath
Sabbath Begins When?

nm544» Physical Sabbath

The Sabbath begins on Friday at the setting of the sun as it begins to darken, for the days of the Bible begin at evening, the very last part of sunlight. The physical Sabbath lasts the whole day, from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday (Lev 23:32; Neh 13:19).

Spiritual Meaning

The Spiritual Sabbath begins at the return and physical manifestation of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, and will last for 1000 years because a day to God is like 1000 years (2Pet 3:8).

Sabbath Preparation

nm545» Physical Sabbath

The Sabbath must be prepared for on the sixth day of the week by: preparing & cooking the food for the Sabbath (Exod 16:5,22-23,29), for there should be no cooking on the Sabbath. Further one was to prepare in any other way so there wouldn't have to be any unnecessary work on the Sabbath (Exod 35:2-3).

Spiritual Meaning

The Spiritual meaning of this is that all the preparing of the Spiritual food for the 1000 year Sabbath will happen in the sixth millennium and before.

Sabbath a Delight

nm546» Physical Sabbath

The Sabbath is to be a delight (Exod 20:8-10; Neh 10:31, 13:15-21; Isa 58:13).

Spiritual Meaning

The higher meaning here is that the New Mind, will delight in the new ways of the New Age. Those of the New Mind and those of mankind will cease from their old way during the Spiritual Sabbath.

Sabbath: an Assembly

nm547» Physical Sabbath

The Sabbath is kept by assembling with others (Lev 23:3; Luke 4:16).

Spiritual Meaning

This pictures the higher meaning of those of the Spirit of God who will be gathered by God at the end of the old age to live in the New Age, the 1000 year Sabbath, together with the others who are gathered. The gathering of physical Israel in their physical Sabbath pictures the gathering of Spiritual Israel (the Church) in the Spiritual Sabbath which will last for 1000 years.

Sabbath for Good Works

nm548» Physical Sabbath

Christ taught that it was right to do good works on the Sabbath (Mat 12:11-12; Mark 3:1-6; Luke 13:14-16, 14:3-5; John 5:8-16).

Spiritual Meaning

This pictures the good works that will be done on the Spiritual Sabbath by Spiritual Israel.

Sabbath Fulfillment: A Rest Period from Satan

nm549» Physical Sabbath

The physical Sabbath was a day of rest.

Spiritual Meaning

The Spiritual Sabbath will be a day of rest also, that is, rest from the evil spiritual work of the spiritual enemy of mankind. Only the good works of the true and good God will be performed during the 1000 year Sabbath. It will be an utopia for those in the Spirit because the enemy, that spiritual enemy of mankind, will be put away during the 1000 year rest (Rev 20:2-3).

Three Harvests of the Land

Agricultural Metaphor

nm550» In the past, and until recent times, most people in the world were involved intimately in agriculture. The Bible appropriately uses agriculture metaphorically to manifest God's plan of salvation. Notice the metaphor of sowing seed and harvesting the crop from the seed:

  • Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away. (Mat 13:24-25)
  • and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; (Mat 13:38)
  • And another angel came out of the temple, crying out with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, "Put in your sickle and reap, for the hour to reap has come, because the harvest of the earth is ripe." (Rev 14:15)

There were three harvest festivals in the year. One was at the beginning of the grain harvest at the Passover feast, one at the end of the grain harvest at the Pentecost, and one at the end of the last and final harvest at the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths.

Barley, Wheat, Fruit Harvests

nm551» To many of us, harvest time is of little concern, because in our complex life we are far removed from the actual production of our food supplies, but for the Hebrew people, as for those in any agricultural district today, the harvest was a most important season (Gen 8:22, 45:6). Events were reckoned from harvests (Gen 30:14; Josh 3:15; Judg 15:1; Ruth 1:22, 2:23; 1Sam 6:13; 2Sam 21:9, 23:13). The three principal feasts of the Jews corresponded to the three harvest seasons (Exod 23:16, 34:21-22):

  • (1) the feast of the Passover in April at the time of the barley harvest (compare Ruth 1:22);
  • (2) the feast of Pentecost (7 weeks later) at the wheat harvest (Exod 34:22),
  • and (3) the feast of Tabernacles at the end of the year (October) during the fruit harvest.

The seasons have not changed since that time. Between the reaping of the barley in April and the wheat in June, most of the other cereals are reaped. The grapes begin to ripen in August, but the gathering of crops for making wine and molasses (dibs), and the storing of the dried figs and raisins, is at the end of September. [Paragraph taken from ISBE (1915), under "Harvest"]

Three Harvests Correspond to the Three Times Before YHWH

nm552» Corresponding to the three harvests, the males of Israel were to stand before God three times in a year:

Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread [Passover] and at the Feast of Weeks [Pentecost] and at the Feast of Booths [Tabernacles], and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed. (Deut 16:16)

"Three times a year you shall celebrate a feast to Me. 15 "You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. And none shall appear before Me empty-handed. 16 "Also you shall observe the Feast of the Harvest of the first fruits of your labors from what you sow in the field; also the Feast of the Ingathering in the produce of the year when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field. 17 "Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord GOD. (Exod 23:14-17)

nm553» Notice that all three times the males were to appear before God was at the time of the three harvests. The second main festival which was the feast of the harvest of the first fruits is also known as the feast of the wheat harvest, and the last of the three main festival was also known as the Feast of Ingathering:

You shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year. (Exod 34:22)

There are many patterns in the Bible, but the pattern of the three harvests corresponded to the three times males were to stand before God and as we will see this in turn pointed to the harvest of souls at the appointed times.

Three Pilgrim-Feasts for Males & Angels

nm554» The three main feasts were pilgrim-feasts, which the males were required to attend. "In Hebrew two terms are employed - the one, Moed, or appointed meeting, applied to all festive seasons, including Sabbaths and New Moons; the other Chag, from a root which means 'to dance,' or 'to be joyous,' applying exclusively to the three festivals of Easter [Passover], Pentecost, and Tabernacles, in which all males were to appear before the Lord in His sanctuary" (The Temple, by Alfred Edersheim, p. 196) This word [Chag] is closely related to an Arabic word that means pilgrimage (BDBG Lexicon, p. 290). These three main feasts were pilgrim-feasts, a time of great joy. When you understand the type and antitype of the Bible you understand that males represent the angels, while females represent mankind (God Papers). Notice that Job wrote about how Satan also came before God when the sons of man came to present themselves:

  • Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. (Job 1:6)
  • Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the LORD. (Job 2:1)

The higher meaning of "all males of Israel standing and presenting themselves before God" (Deut 16:16) points to the fact that all angels ("sons of God") will and must stand before God and present themselves to God, and "all" means all.

Not Empty Handed

nm555» The males were to stand before God not empty handed (Deut 16:16, 23:15). They were to bring the fruits of their labor with them.

  • "Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed. 17 "Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God which He has given you. (Deut 16:16-17)

Angels are the antitypical meaning of "males" in the Bible. Therefore in the higher meaning, all angels were to appear before God three times with the blessings that God had given to them. These three times were at harvests, and at these harvests the males or angels were to bring their blessings. These blessings were usually from the harvest. So if it was the Pentecost or the harvest of the wheat, then the males brought their first fruits or blessings from that harvest. Notice that at the end of the age it is the angels who are the ones to do the harvesting:

  • And the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; and the enemy who sowed them [tares or weeds] is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels. (Mat 13:38-39)

This "the end of the age harvest" is the harvest of the bodies of Christians who died in the old age, therefore the blessings that the angels bring to God are the physical bodies of Christians who are united with their own angels and become one with God thereby.

nm556» From the God Papers 6, we take the following which shows that Christians do have their own angel:

Our Own Angel

Now everyone that becomes a "son of God" must be begotten of the Spirit (Rom 8:9-10,16). What is this Spirit? What does it mean to be begotten of God's Spirit? Notice that those begotten of the Spirit are led by it (Rom 8:14). The Spirit in them, leads them.

Notice that "these little ones" have in heaven "their angels" (Mat 18:10). Now the Greek word translated "their" means "of one's self." These "little ones" are Spiritual children of God (l John 2:12-13). And these little ones have angels of their own self. Or, thus, since angels are spirits (Heb 1:7), Christians have their own angels or Spirits.

What do these angels or Spirits do? "For he shall give his angels charge over you, to keep you in all your ways" (Pss 91:11). In other words, angels lead them, as the Spirit leads the little ones or sons of God (Rom 8:14). Now Pss 91:11 was used in a physical sense concerning Christ (Mat 4:6). But the Bible is dual and speaks in a dual sense, the physical sense and the Spiritual sense. We are to look to the higher sense -- the Spiritual (Col 3:l-2). Not only do angels help out physically, but they help out Spiritually. And since Christ is our example, and the forerunner, then what applies to him applies to all others (cf John 14:6; Rom 8:17; Col 1:18).

Each son of God has his own angel (Mat 18:10). And these angels lead them in the way (Pss 91:11), as the angel of the BeComingOne led Christ (John 14:10, GP 3 & 4), who is our example. Thus, the Spirit of God that leads Christians (Rom 8:14) is an angel of God that is in them. One of God's own Spirits leads each one of them. These Spirits or angels are for the elect humans who are the sons of God (1Pet 1:1-2). These angels or Spirits serve the elect, they are ministers or servants "for them who shall be heirs of salvation" (Heb 1:14). These angels are the "elect angels" (1Tim 5:21).

nm557» It is the angels (Mat 13:38-39) who will be sent by God to resurrect the dead in Christ (Christians):

"For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first". (1Thess 4:15-16)

"Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed." (1Cor 15:51-52)

Remember it is the angels (who are spirits of God) who will resurrect (Mat 13:39, 16:27, 24:31; Mark 13:27; 2Thess 1:7; Rev 14:15)

Three Harvests Point to Three Orders of Resurrection to Immortality

nm558» God directed that all males must stand before the Lord during three of the annual harvest-festivals: "Three times in a year shall your males appear before the Lord your God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks (Pentecost), and in the feast of tabernacles" (Deut 16:16). And they were supposed to offer gifts from the harvest, "not empty handed." We project in the New Mind Papers that the words in the Bible are shadows or types of the real and true. There is a duality of meaning in the Bible: a physical meaning and a spiritual meaning (see Duality Paper, BP4). Thus, the three harvests and three main festivals have a higher meaning. Through comparison of scripture we can see the connection between the three harvests in Israel and the three resurrections mentioned by Paul.

nm559» Paul wrote about three resurrections in 1Corinthians, chapter fifteen:

"In Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order:

[1] Christ the first fruit;

[2] afterward they that are Christ's at his coming [Rev 14:1-4].

[3] Then the end...." (1Cor 15:22-24)

Paul called these three resurrections, orders, "each man in his own order." This word translated "order" is tagma in the Greek text, which means rank or division or proper order. Paul manifested the three orders or ranks of resurrections. Christ fulfilled the first festival ceremony (sheaf of 1st fruit) by being resurrected and then going to his Father on the exact day that the sheaf of first fruits was waved (see below). Christians will fulfill the second festival by becoming the first fruits of the creation (1Cor 15:23; Rev 14:4).

nm560» Other allusions to these three resurrections are found in the Bible:

  • (1) Mark 4:28: "For the earth brings forth fruit of herself; first the blade [Christ], then the head [first-products], after that the full gain in the head."
  • (2) Luke 13:20-21: "And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God? It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole [all of mankind] was leavened." [Leavened here is used in a different way than when it is used to signify sin or the way of sin in the Feast of Unleavened Bread.]
  • (3) Noah's ark with three stories was also a foreshadow of the three orders of salvation of mortal mankind to immortality. All life forms were saved in the ark that was built with three stories: "You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. (Gen 6:16)
  • (4) Three sections of the tabernacle of Israel indicated and pointed to the three orders of resurrection. The Holy of Holies definitely points to the first resurrection to immortality - Jesus Christ. The Holy Place points to the Church and represents the second resurrection to immortality. Both of these were called the inner court or the upper court. The outer court was for the gentiles and pointed to the last resurrection to immortality. The inner court, with its Holy of Holies and Holy Place, was holy and set apart from the outer court. In the Bible the inner court was counted or measured, but the outer court was not (Rev 11:1-2). We know the count of the inner court (Holy of Holies & Holy Place) represents Jesus Christ and the first fruits of 144,000 (Rev 14:3-4), but we do not know the count or number of the outer court (Rev 7:9, 11:1-2).

Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, "Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 "Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months. (Rev 11:1-2)

After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches were in their hands; (Rev 7:9; Notice the palm branches, see below under Feast of Tabernacles)

  • (5) The three orders or divisions of mankind can be seen typically in Joseph and his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim: [1] Joseph, the one set apart from his brethren (Deut 33:16), represents Jesus Christ, who was the first to be born of God (1Cor 15:22-28). [2] Manasseh, the one that was to become a great nation, represents the second group of first fruits to be presented to God, which are the Christians who lived in the old age. [3] Ephraim, the one that was to become a multitude of nations, represents the third group to be presented to God, which are the multitudes of peoples who will be born of God at the end of creation. (See PR1)
  • Also see NM24 for more details on these three resurrections or harvest of souls.

Harvest of Souls

nm561» The Bible speaks about the saving of souls (Luke 21:19; Heb 10:39; Jas 1:21, 5:20; 1Pet 1:9). In a sense, souls are sown with a seed, either a good seed or a bad one.

  • "I will sow her for Myself in the land. I will also have compassion on her who had not obtained compassion, And I will say to those who were not My people, 'You are My people!' And they will say, 'You are my God!'" (Hos 2:23)
  • "Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man and with the seed of beast. (Jer 31:27)
  • Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away. (Mat 13:24)
  • Then He left the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field." 37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one. (Mat 13:36-38)

nm562 » This harvest of the antitypical wheat occurs at the coming of Christ (1Cor 15:23) when the first fruits (the "wheat") are redeemed from among men (Rev 14:4).

  • "His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clear His threshing floor; and He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire." (Mat 3:12)
  • Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, First gather up the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn. (Mat 13:30)
  • Then He left the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field." 37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels. 40 "So just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age. 41 "The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who commit lawlessness, 42 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. (Mat 13:36-42)

nm563 » Therefore at the end of the evil age the evil ones are taken out of the world and burned, while God through his angels gathers the wheat into the barn (Mat 13:30).

When was the harvest of wheat in Israel? It occurred typically just before the Pentecost, which was the festival that celebrated the harvest of wheat and other first grain products (fruits). Is this telling us something about when the coming of Christ is and when the harvest of Spiritual first fruit happens?

We will now study the Feast of the Passover. From this study we will see that what the Passover typified was fulfilled perfectly by Christ, our Spiritual Passover.

Feast of the Passover
Represents first Harvest (Barley)
Beginning of the Harvest (Col 1:15,18; Rev 3:14)
First in Rank (1Cor 15:23)
Preparation 1st day 2nd day 3rd day 4th day 5th day 6th day 7th day
14th Nisan
Death & burial
[1st day in grave]
[2nd day in grave]
Weekly Sabbath
[3rd day in grave]
Sheaf-wave offering

21st Nisan

Signifies predestination of Christ's suffering < Signifies First seven millenniums of creation >

< Seven Days of unleavened bread: signifying purity of Jesus Christ >

First Harvest: Passover Foreshadowed Christ

nm564» As we will see in this section, the Passover Feast foreshadowed Christ's death and resurrection. The Passover was one of God's appointed times:

  • "These are the appointed times of the Lord, even holy convocations; which you shall proclaim in their seasons. In the fourteenth day of the first month between the two evenings is the Lord's Passover" (Lev 23:4-5).
Sacred Months

nm565» First of all what does the Bible mean by, "in the fourteenth day of the first month"? The Old Testament uses the Hebrew's Sacred Calendar, which some call the Jewish Sacred Calendar. The first month is also called Nisan or Abib, and occurs in March to April on today's calendar. Hence on the fourteenth day of Nisan is the Passover. But the Passover occurs "between the two evenings" on the 14th day as correctly translated in the following verses: Lev 23:5 (Hebrew and Greek); Exod 12:6; Num 9:3,5. In the King James Version "between the two evenings" is translated wrongly as "even" or "evening."

Between the Two Evenings

nm566» There is error concerning the meaning of "between the two evenings." First of all note that the Passover is in the fourteenth day of the first month between the two evenings. The Passover is between the two evenings. This merely means that the Passover happens on the 14th between the evening of the 13th and the evening of the 14th.

Morning and Evening Time

nm567» The proof of this is shown in the appointed time for Atonement: "Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement . . .. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even until even, shall you celebrate your Sabbath" (Lev 23:27,32). The day of Atonement is on the tenth of the seventh month, but it is celebrated from the evening of the ninth to the evening of the tenth, thus between these two evenings. And the word "evening" is defined by the Bible: "at even, at the going down of the sun" (Deut 16:6; note Lev 22:6; Neh 13:19). Evening is the latter part of the 24 hour day. In the Bible "evening" is used in two ways: (1), the later hour(s) before sunset; (2) the time or moments just before sunset, or at sunset.

Hence, the Passover is on the fourteenth of the first month in the Hebrew Sacred Calendar, between the two evenings, or thus from the evening of the 13th to the evening of the 14th.

Festival of Unleavened Bread

nm568» Now with this day of the Passover there are seven other days that are called the festival of unleavened bread or the appointed time for unleavened bread:

  • "And they killed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month . . .. And the children of Israel that were present kept the Passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread" (2Chr 35:1,17).
  • "In the fourteenth of the first month is the Passover of the Lord. And in the fifteenth of this month is the festival [appointed time]: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. In the first day [15th] shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no manner of servile work therein . . .. And on the seventh day [the 21st, the 7th day of the festival] you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work" (Num 28:16-18,25).
  • "In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even [sunset], you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth [21st] day of the month at even [sunset]. Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses . . .. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel" (Exod 12:15,18-19).

nm569» By putting together the above, we see that the fourteenth is the Passover, from the evening of the 13th to the evening of the 14th. After this begins the festival of unleavened bread from the evening of the 14th until the evening of the 21st, which is exactly seven days of eating unleavened bread.

Passover's Various Names

nm570» The killing of the Passover occurred on the 14th (Lev 23:5; Num 28:16; 2Chr 35:1; Ezra 6:19); the festival of unleavened bread began on the 15th and ended on the 21st at sunset (Exod 12:18-19; Lev 23:6-7; Num 28:17-18,25; Note: Referring to Exod 12:18, remember the 15th day begins at evening, sunset, of the 14th). Yet sometimes the "Passover" refers to the whole event from the 14th to the 21st, or thus both the Passover day and the festival of unleavened bread: "Now the feast [appointed time] of unleavened bread drew near, which is called the Passover" (Luke 22:1). "Then were the days of unleavened bread ... intending after the Passover to bring him forth to the people" (Acts 12:3-4). Therefore technically, the Passover is on the 14th (evening of the 13th to the evening of the 14th), and the festival of unleavened bread is from the 15th (at the end of the evening of the 14th) to the 21st at evening. Yet the words "Passover" or "feast," or "days of unleavened bread" are used interchangeably in the Bible. Thus, we should be careful when we read about this event, so that we don't misunderstand the descriptions of it.

Sabbaths: 15th and 21st of Nisan

nm571» Now the scripture indicates that the 15th is a day of "holy convocation" or assembly, and the 21st is another assembly or holy convocation (Exod 1:18; Num 28:17-18,25; Deut 16:8). A holy convocation or assembly is a coming together of set-apart people or holy people. Actually these appointed days of assembly are called Sabbaths (Lev 23:24,27,32,39). Therefore the 15th is an annual Sabbath, and the 21st of the first month is an annual Sabbath.

Passover's Meaning

nm572» Now we know when the Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread occur. But we must find out what is the meaning of this event. We will explain the event as described by the Bible, and at the same time explain the higher or Spiritual meaning. Because of the way we will present this subject, we suggest that the reader go over this paper at least twice before forming an opinion. Many of the things presented are different, therefore they may seem strange, yet they are strange only because they are different or new to you.

Physical Passover Spiritual Passover
Tenth of Nisan (Abib)

nm573» Physical Passover

A lamb was picked out on the 10th of the first month, "a lamb for a house" (Exod 12:3).

Higher Meaning

Jesus Christ is the lamb of God (John 1:29,36). Jesus Christ was betrayed by Judas to the chief priests on the 10th of the first month: "And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in absence of the multitude" (Luke 22:3-6; see notes in back of this paper).

Passover Without Blemish

nm574» Physical Passover

This lamb was to be without blemish.(Exod 12:5) The lamb without blemish is called the Passover (Exod 12:21).

Higher Meaning

Christ is the lamb without blemish, or spot (Heb 9:14; 1Pet 1:19). This means Christ is sinless (1Pet 2:21-22). Jesus is the Passover lamb (1Cor 5:7). He is the true Passover lamb that was set forth or predestinated to be the Passover lamb before the world began (1Pet 1:19-20; Rev 13:8).

Fourteenth: Preparation Day

nm575» Physical Passover

The 14th day was the day of preparation for the Passover lamb, for other ceremonies of the day, and for the Passover meal (2Chr 35:1-6,10-13,16).

Higher Meaning

The 14th was the day Christ the true Passover was taken and prepared before his slaughter: it was the day of preparing Christ for his death, just before the high Sabbath, or the 15th day of Nisan which is a Sabbath day for the Feast of Unleavened Bread (John 19:14,31,42).

Passover Killed on 14th of Nisan

nm576» Physical Passover

The lamb was killed on the 14th of the first month, between the evening of the 13th and 14th towards the evening of the 14th (Exod 12:6; Deut 16:6; 2Chr 35:1).

Higher Meaning

Christ the true Passover was killed on the 14th of Nisan (John 18:28; and the rest of the scripture on the death of Christ, see notes).

Passover Killed Outside Gates

nm577» Physical Passover

The lamb was killed outside the gates of the city (Exod 12:6,21; Deut 16:5; 2Chr 35:11).

Higher Meaning

The lamb of God died also outside the camp, or city of Jerusalem (Heb 13:11-12). Christ had not yet ascended into the New Jerusalem; He died outside or before the kingdom of God (New Jerusalem) was set-up on earth.

Passover's Blood on House

nm578» Physical Passover

The blood of the lamb was sprinkled on the door posts of the house wherein the people had gathered to eat one Passover lamb, for only one lamb per gathering house was allowed (Exod 12:3-4,6-7,21-22,46; 2Chr 35:11).

Higher Meaning

Christians are of the house of God (1Pet 2:5, 4:17; etc); they have the blood of Christ (the Passover) sprinkled on them (1John 1:7; Heb 10:22, 12:24, 13:12,20).

Christ is the one lamb of God for all the house of God (John 1:36; Heb 3:6, 10:4; 1Pet 1:19, 2:3-5).

Passover Roasted As One

nm579» Physical Passover

Thereafter, since one could not eat the flesh raw, they roasted it as a unit (head, body, legs together), which takes some time (Exod 12:9; Deut 16:7; 2Chr 35:13).

Higher Meaning

Christ the Passover was "roasted" out in the sun light for hours (Mark 15:25,33-34).

All Passover's Blood Spilled Out

nm580» Physical Passover

No blood could be eaten with the sacrificed lamb; his blood had to be spilled completely out (Lev 7:27, 17:12-14).

Higher Meaning

All of Christ's blood was poured out, until water came out instead of blood (John 19:34).

Passover Had No Bone Broken

nm581» Physical Passover

No bone could be broken on the Passover lamb (Exod 12:46; Num 9:12).

Higher Meaning

No bone of Christ was broken (John 19:33,36).

Passover Eaten in One House

nm582» Physical Meaning

The Passover was eaten in one house; no flesh was to be carried outside the gathering place (Exod 12:46), or outside the house on which the blood was sprinkled.

Higher Meaning

Only those Spiritually in the house of God (those with the "blood" of Christ sprinkled on them) can eat the Passover, if we attempt to eat it without being in the Church, we are guilty (1 Cor 11:26-27).

No Stranger May Eat the Passover

nm583» Physical Passover

No stranger (non-Israelite) could eat the Passover unless he was circumcised, for no uncircumcised person could eat the Passover lamb (Exod 12:43-44,48).

Higher Meaning

No stranger outside of the Spiritual Israel of God, can eat the Passover Christ (1Cor 11:28-29; Eph 2:12,19). That is, eat his Spiritual bread (see John 6:56-63; see "Spiritual Bread" below).

Unleavened Bread

nm584» Physical Passover

No leavened bread was to be eaten with the Passover (Exod 12:8, 23:18; Deut 16:3).

Higher Meaning

No "old leaven" or "the leaven of the Pharisees," or the doctrines of man can be eaten with the Spiritual Passover (Christ). When you have Christ (the Spiritual Passover) you have his Spirit or the New Mind with the doctrine of the good God, not the doctrines and ideas of mankind belonging to this age (Mat 16:6,11-12; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 1Cor 5:7-8).

Passover Eaten in the Night

nm585» Physical Passover

The lamb was eaten in the night of the 15th; the flesh had to be roasted, and eaten with unleavened bread (Exod 12:8, see Septuagint).

Higher Meaning

In a physical sense, the Passover Christ was consumed by the tomb in the late evening of the 14th as it became night (Mark 15:42-47). But, in real sense, since Paul called Christians "unleavened" (1Cor 5:7), and since unleavened bread is that of truth (1Cor 5:8); then Christ and his truth are the unleavened bread consumed by Spiritual Israelites during the spiritual night - the darkness of Satan's kingdom.

Passover Eaten in Haste in the Night

nm586» Physical Passover

The Passover lamb was eaten in haste in the night with shoes on their feet, fully clothed, and ready to leave Egypt in a moment's notice (Exod 12:11,33,39; 2Chr 35:13).

Higher Meaning

Spiritually, the Passover Christ is eaten in the night of Satan in trepidation or tribulation as we are fleeing spiritual Egypt.

Passover Saves Us from the Destroyer

nm587» Physical Passover

The houses wherein the Passover was eaten in the night, and where the blood of the Passover was put on, therein the destroyer would not smite the first born of the house as the destroyer struck down the first born of the Egyptians (Exod 11:5, 12:7,13,22-23,29, 13:15; Heb 11:28).

Higher Meaning

Because Christians so to speak have Christ's blood sprinkled on them, they will become the first born of mankind to immortality (Heb 12:23; Jas 1:18; Rev 14:4). The destroyer (Satan) does not spiritually destroy them in the "night." But the first born of the Pharaoh is destroyed in the "night." The "night" is the darkness of Satan's kingdom. The "destroyer" was and is Satan (Pss 78:49; Isa 14:12-17).

Passover and the Seven Days

nm588» Physical Passover

Now after Israel went out of Egypt, or as they were going out, they ate unleavened bread for seven days from the 15th to the 21st day, from the evening of the 14th to the evening of the 21st day. The main reason they baked unleavened bread seven days was "because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual" (Exod 12:39). The eating of unleavened bread for the seven days was for a memorial or remembrance of Israel's delivery from the bondage of Egypt (Exod 12:14-19, 13:3-16; Deut 16:3).

Higher Meaning

Now the True unleavened bread, is Truth (1Cor 5:8). And God's word or Bible is the Truth (John 17:17; Jas 1:18). And since Christ spoke the word of God, which is the Truth (John 12:49), which comes from the Spirit of Truth (John 14:17, 15:26, 16:13), then the real unleavened bread is Christ's Spiritual Word, his Truth, his Living Bread (see "Spiritual Bread" below). Moreover, since the True seven days are the seven 1000 year days (2Pet 3:8), then the True picture of the Passover Festival is that Christ the Passover Lamb of God was predestinated before the world began to die for all mankind's sin, and because he was slain, it makes it possible for Spiritual Israel (Christians) to come out of spiritual Egypt (Satan's kingdom).

Now in the typical Passover festival the unleavened bread was eaten as a remembrance of Israel's deliverance out of Egypt. We eat the Spiritual unleavened bread (The Spiritual Christ is the bread of life) in remembrance of Christ's sacrifice (1Cor 11:24-26) which makes it possible for us to come out of spiritual Egypt.

Sacrifices Fulfilled in Christ's One Sacrifice

nm589» As Paul showed in Hebrews and as Dan 9:27 indicated all ritual sacrifices for sin have been fulfilled in Christ's great sacrifice for sin, with the one important qualification, that where the remission of sin is, there is no more offering for sin (Heb 10:18). But this remission or forgiveness of sin only occurs when one has the laws of God in their heart (Heb 10:16-17). And you only have the laws in your heart or mind when you have the Spirit of God inside you leading you (2Cor 3:3-6). Therefore, although Christ died as the Passover for all sin (1John 2:2), all have not been forgiven yet for "we see not yet all things put under him" (Heb 2:8b). But when the true end comes:

  • 1Cor 15:24: then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25 For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. 26 The last enemy that will be abolished is death. 27 For he has put all things in subjection under his feet. But when He says, "All things are put in subjection," it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him. 28 When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all. (1Cor 15:24-28)

When our God is all in all, then all will be atoned to God because when one receives atonement or reconciliation, his sins are covered, and he is brought back to God (Rom 5:9-11).

nm590» Paul wrote to us about Christ's sacrifice as the real Passover (1 Cor 5:7) who takes away the sins of the world in due time:

  • And not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (Heb 9:12-14)
  • 22 And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. 23 Therefore it was necessary for the copies of the things in the heavens to be cleansed with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; 25 nor was it that He would offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the holy place year by year with blood that is not his own. 26 Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. 27 And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment, 28 so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him. (Heb 9:22-28)
  • For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. (Heb 10:1-4)
  • 9 then He said, "behold, I have come to do your will." He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, Sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time onward until his enemies be made a footstool for his feet. (Heb 10:9-13)
  • Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin. (Heb 10:18)
  • "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate." (Dan 9:27; there are two different interpretations here and both may be partly correct)

What these scriptures are saying is that Christ's great Passover sacrifice of himself perfectly fulfilled all ritual sacrifices for sin. Thus, in the middle of the week (Christ died on a Wednesday in the middle of the seven year period: he fulfilled 3 ˝ years of it) Christ's death cut off the need of sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin. But men will continue to suffer because of sin until they stop sinning, for sin is wrong behavior that causes suffering.

Spiritual Unleavened Bread as Memorial

nm591» Now in the typical Passover festival the unleavened bread was eaten as a remembrance of Israel's deliverance out of Egypt. We eat the Spiritual unleavened bread (The Spiritual Christ is the bread of life) in remembrance of Christ's sacrifice which makes it possible for us to come out of spiritual Egypt.

See Spiritual keeping of the Passover in the last part of this paper for more information on other Spiritual aspects of the Passover rituals.

Sheaf of the First Fruits: Time of First Harvest

Foreshadowed First Resurrection

Christ is the Sheaf of First Fruits

nm592» Now within the festival of the Passover there was another ritual performed, and that was the waving of a sheaf of the first fruits of the first harvest:

  • "And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When you come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before the [faces or presence of the] Lord, to be accepted for you: on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it ... And you shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day until you have brought an offering [Sheaf] unto your God: a statute aeonian throughout your generations in all your dwellings" (Lev 23:9-11,14).

Higher Meaning

nm593» This festival of the Passover and the ritual of the sheaf of first fruits had an important higher meaning. The man Jesus Christ died on the Passover (14th of Nisan), was buried at the very end of the 14th of Nisan, was resurrected three days later, and went back into his Father on the very day the Jews used to wave the sheaf of barley "before the Lord." Paul shows us that Christ was that sheaf of first fruits:

  • 21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, after that those who are Christ's at His coming (1Cor 15:21)

nm594» Jesus and Paul explained how even nature projects to us a reason for Christ's death:

  • Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit [produce]. (John 12:24)
  • You fool! That which you sow does not come to life unless it dies; and that which you sow, you do not sow the body which is to be, but a bare grain, perhaps of wheat or of something else. (1Cor 15:36-37)

So from this very first fruit (Jesus Christ) will come "much fruit."

nm595» Notice Lev 23:9-11 that the sheaf was waved "before the Lord." Compare this to the order for all males to stand before the Lord three times a year in the three main harvest festivals (Deut 16:16):

  • He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. (Lev 23:11)
  • Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed. Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the Lord your God which He has given you. (Deut 16:16-17)

Jesus Christ was the first of the first fruits (1Cor 15:23; Col 1:15,18; Rev 3:14) who fulfilled the sheaf of first fruits ritual, perfectly. Only through Christ can anyone be acceptable to God, because you must have the Spirit of God to be acceptable to God as the New Mind Papers prove through Biblical scripture. It is Christ who gives this Spirit (Acts 2:33). So it was by the death of Christ, the Seed [PR1], that "much fruit" will come (John 12:24).

Sheaf of First Fruits Perfectly Fulfilled

nm596» This ceremony of waving the sheaf of first fruits towards heaven was perfectly fulfilled by Jesus Christ when he ascended to his Father at the beginning of the new 24 hour day after the Sabbath, after sunset (see the Chronology Papers, CP4). The sheaf of barley, the first of the first fruits, was cut down at the very end of the Sabbath, "just as the sun went down" and was waved on the day after the Sabbath (Unger's Bible Dict., p. 355). This Sabbath being the regular weekly Sabbath as the Sadducees and others interpreted Lev 23:9-11 (Unger's Bible Dict., p. 356). As we see when we study the scripture (CP4) Jesus Christ was resurrected just before or at sunset on Saturday (the Sabbath) exactly three days after he was buried. After sunset in the beginning of the first day of the week, he was made into one with his Spirit, and at that time became the first-fruit of the new creation (1Cor 15:23a; Rev 3:14). Christ was foreshadowed by the "sheaf of the first fruits" in this ceremony; He is the first of the first fruits. Christ is the first product, or the first born of the new creation (note Rev 1, 3:14 Cor 15:23; Rom 8:29; Col 1:15,18; Rev 1:5; see "All Saved Paper" [NM 13]).

Fulfillment on Exact day

nm597» This ceremony happened typically on the day after the weekly Sabbath, a Sunday, within the seven days of unleavened bread (Lev 23:9-11,14-16). Christ fulfilled this perfectly by going back to his Father on that Sunday (cf Mat 28:9; John 20:17; see the God Papers). As of now Jesus is the only born of God, or only born God as John 1:18 says in certain Greek texts ("only born God").

Also see Prophecy Papers 7 [PR7] under "Sheaf of the First Fruits," and Chronology Papers 4 [CP4] under "Ascension."

Feast of Pentecost
Represents second Harvest (Wheat)
Harvest of First Fruits 144,000 (Rev 7:4, 14:3-4)
Second Order or Rank (1Cor 15:23)
< Grain Harvest Period > Pentecost
1st Sabbath
after sheaf
2nd Sabbath
after sheaf
3rd Sabbath
after sheaf
4th Sabbath
after sheaf
5st Sabbath
after sheaf
6st Sabbath
after sheaf
7st Sabbath
after sheaf
Sunday Celebrated
after grain
< Signifies the seven millenniums of creation > Two leavened loaves

Second Harvest: Foreshadowed Second Resurrection

Feast of First Fruits; Feast of Weeks

nm598» This festival or appointed time is sometimes called in the Bible, the Feast of Weeks, or the Feast of First Fruits (Exod 34:22).

  • "And you shall count unto you from the day after the Sabbath [thus the 1st day of the week, the day Christ went back to his Father], from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the day after the seventh Sabbath shall you number fifty days ... And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day that it may be a holy convocation unto you: You shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute aeonian in all your dwellings throughout your generations" (Lev 23:15-16,21).

Counting weeks from the Sheaf of First Fruits

nm599» "Seven weeks shall you number unto you: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as you begin to put the sickle to the grain [barley]. And you shall keep the feast of weeks unto the Lord your God with a tribute of freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give unto the Lord your God, according as the Lord your God has blessed you" (Deut 16:9-10).

nm600» One counts seven weeks "from such a time as you begin to put the sickle to the crop." Or as it said in Lev 23:15-16: "you shall count unto you from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the day after the seventh Sabbath shall you number fifty days."

Counting of the 50 Days

nm601» Now since Christ is the antitypical or Spiritual sheaf, and since Christ the man went to his or ascended to his Father (see John 20:17) after sunset on a Sunday (the day after the weekly Sabbath), and since this was the beginning of the time the sickle was put to the harvest, and since seven weeks or seven Sabbaths from the beginning of the Sunday is complete at the end of the Sabbath seven weeks later; then the 50th full day is the Sunday after the seventh Sabbath. The word from means: "used to specify a starting point in spatial movement: a train running west from New York City." Or "used to specify a starting point in an expression of limits." Or "used to indicate source or origin" (from the Random House Dictionary). Since we count from a point, the origin point, and since the Pentecost is the 50th full day of a limited period; then we count seven weeks from the starting point or origin day to the end of a Sabbath seven weeks thereafter. The 50th full day is the Sunday, the day after the seventh Sabbath (Lev 23:15-16).

Pentecost of the Church not Perfect Fulfillment

nm602» Exactly 50 days (seven Sabbaths [49 days] plus one day) from when the sheaf of barley was waved by the Jews at the Festival of the Passover (which was 50 days after Christ went to the Father), the apostles gathered together to celebrate the Pentecost (Acts 2). On that day the Spirit was first given to the Church. Some therefore think (as I once mistakenly believed) that this is the antitypical or higher meaning of the Pentecost - the giving of the Spirit to the Church. But this is mistaken. We see in this paper that Christ fulfilled the Passover festival, perfectly (see also Luke 22:15-16). So what the Pentecost represented typically, the antitypical Pentecost must fulfill it perfectly, not partially. If the physical Pentecost was the day Israel celebrated the harvest of the first fruits of the land, then the antitypical Pentecost must perfectly fulfill the harvest of the first fruits of the new creation (1Cor 15:2,23nd part; Jas 1:18; Rev 14:4; See "All Saved Paper" [NM 13]). The Spirit on the first Church Pentecost was given to only a few of the total "first fruits" - only about 3,000 (Acts 2:41), not all of them.

nm603» Thus, not all of the first fruits mentioned in Rev 14:3-4 received the Spirit on this first Pentecost of the Church. But in order to fulfill the Pentecost perfectly, all things pertaining to the physical Pentecost must be fulfilled Spiritually and perfectly, as Christ fulfilled the physical Passover.

Trumpets Blown on the Pentecost

nm604» We need to know something about the blowing of trumpets, as in all other holy days, trumpets were blown on the Pentecost:

  • "Also in the day of your gladness and in your appointed feasts, and on the first days of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they shall be as a reminder of you before your God. I am the Lord your God." (Num 10:10)

Blowing of Trumpet versus Blowing an Alarm

Trumpet for Assembly

nm605» There were two different types of trumpet blowing. One way was for assembly and one was for an alarm of war. The trumpet for assembly, "the calling of the assembly"(Num 10:2-3,7; Judg 3:27), was blown in "the day gladness, and your solemn days you shall blow with trumpets" (Num 10:10).

Trumpet for War

nm606» There was a difference between blowing the trumpets for the assembly or gathering of Israel, and the blowing of trumpets to sound an alarm for war: "If you go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresses you, then you shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and you shall be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies" (Num 10:9; Neh 4:20), "the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war" (Jer 4:19). "Declares the Lord, That I will cause a trumpet blast of war" (Jer 49:2). Therefore when Israel "is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but you shall not sound an alarm" (Num 10:9); one kind of trumpet blowing was for gathering Israel for a holy assembly, and one was for a gathering for war.

Trumpets at end of World

nm607» There are also the blowing of trumpets associated with the end of the old age and the beginning of the Kingdom of God.

  • Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, For the day of the Lord is coming; Surely it is near, A day of darkness and gloom, A day of clouds and thick darkness. As the dawn is spread over the mountains, So there is a great and mighty people; There has never been anything like it, Nor will there be again after it To the years of many generations. (Joel 2:1-2)
  • 'They have blown the trumpet and made everything ready, but no one is going to the battle, for My wrath is against all their multitude. Ezek 7:14
  • "And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. Mat 24:31
  • In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 1Cor 15:52
  • For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 1Thess 4:16
  • I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet, Rev 1:10
  • "And the seventh angel sounded [his trumpet, cf Rev 8:6-8,10,12, 9:1,14]; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ" (Rev 11:15).

Trumpets at the Presence of the King

The blowing of trumpets also represented other things such as to introduce a new king (1Kgs 1:34-41), and were used in the Bible to indicate the presence of God (Exod 19:16,19; 2Kgs 9:13). This is fulfilled on the antitypical Pentecost when Christ comes with his saints.

Perfect Fulfillment of Pentecost

Pentecost is the Second Order of Persons to Immortality

nm608» The Pentecost was a day of assembly for the Israelites, but it foreshadowed the first harvest of the earth's people to become immortal beings, the first fruits or products of God (Rev 14:4). The typical or physical Pentecost occurred after the grain harvest in Palestine. The higher meaning of this indicates the harvest of the first fruits of mankind to God (Mat 13:38-43; Jas 1:18; Rev 14:4,14-20).

Because at the harvest of first fruit there will be the Last War (see Prov 4-6), then the blowing of trumpets on the Feast of Pentecost will perfectly fulfill this, and any other blowing of trumpets at future feasts will not represent war. The blowing of trumpets on the antitypical Pentecost represents the (1) gathering; (2) Last War; (3) presence of the King of Kings.

Two Loaves of Leavened Bread Waved Before Yehowah

nm609» Lev 23:17 You shall bring in from your assembly places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord ...19 'You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs [peace offering] before the Lord; they are to be holy to the Lord [and] to the priest. (Lev 23:17-20)

Notice a few things here:

  • The two baked leavened loaves of bread were waved before the Lord.
  • Two baked leavened loaves were taken out of Israel's assembly.
  • The two baked leavened loaves of bread were made of leaven.
  • The two baked leavened loaves of the first fruits were waved with two lambs for the peace offering (Lev 23:19-20).
  • Leavened bread could be used for peace offerings (Lev 7:13).
  • Leaven was not to be used in any offering made by fire (Lev 2:11).
  • The offerings of first fruits were not to be burnt on the altar (Lev 2:12).
  • Therefore the two leavened loaves were not placed in the fire because they were baked with leaven (Lev 23:17).
  • All offerings baked in an oven are for the Priest (Lev 7:9,13-14) and therefore, of course, not burnt on the altar.
  • The two leavened loaves were waved with one male goat being offered for a sin offering (Lev 23:19), while the waving of the sheaf of first fruits (barley) did not require a sin offering since it was without leaven (cf. Lev 23:12-14)
  • The two leavened loaves were holy in reference to the Lord and to the priest (Lev 23:20).

What does this all mean?

Leavened Bread

nm610» Israel was forbidden from eating leavened bread during seven days of the Passover Festival beginning on the 15th of Nisan and ending on the 21st of Nisan (Exod 12:18-19, 13:6-7; Lev 23:6-7; Num 28:8-16,25; Deut 16:3). This rule was a memorial of Israel coming out of Egypt because they were driven out before their bread was leavened (Exod 12:39). Spiritually, the leavened during these seven days represent the doctrines and hypocrisy of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and those like Herod (Mat 16:12; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1; 1Cor 5:8). This festival foreshadowed Christ's unleavened sacrifice. And thus, blood could not be sacrificed with leavened bread (Exod 23:18, 34:25) because this blood foreshadowed Christ's blood, which was sacrificed without sin (leaven). As we see from the evidence above leaven could be used in a few offerings as long as it wasn't burnt on the altar (Lev 2:11, 7:13, 23:17-20). Although generally, leaven indicated sin or the doctrines of sin, in at least two places leaven and leavening of bread is used allegorically to represent a positive activity:

  • The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened (Mat 13:33; Luke 13:21)

The meaning here has nothing to do with sin (leaven), but with the three separate pecks of flour that were hidden (unknown to most) until the bread was ready to eat (when it had fully risen).

Leavened Bread & Sin Offering

nm611» Since there was a sin offering (Lev 23:19) associated with the waving of the two loaves, then sin is somehow connected with the two baked loaves. Remember, there was no sin offering associated with the waving of the sheaf of first fruits (Lev 23:10-14). Yet does this mean that the two leavened loaves themselves represented sin? No, because they were waved before God to be accepted by God. And they were for the Priest to eat after being waved or heaved (Lev 7:9,13-14). Since the Priest could not touch or eat anything defiled (Lev 7:21, 10:10), then these two baked loaves are not defiled, for they were "holy to the Lord" (Lev 23:20). The sin offering made it possible for the loafs to be accepted. Considering the relevant scriptures, whatever the loaves represented, we know that the leaven in the bread somehow was associated with sin, but the sin offering made it possible for them to be waved and accepted by God.

Time of Wave Offering at a Harvest

nm612» We must consider in our analysis the time of the loaves being waved. It was done at the time of the harvest of wheat. In the case of the waving of the sheaf of first fruits, which was the beginning of the harvest of barley grain, it was waved before the Lord. As we saw previously this represented Jesus Christ the man going back into his Father and becoming one with his Father. Thus, to follow the metaphor, the two loaves must also become one with God as Christ prayed in John 17:21-23 that Christians would become one with God. The two loaves represented the grain harvest since they were taken from the grain of the harvest belonging to the assemblies or households of Israel (Lev 23:17).

Two Loaves Baked with Leaven

nm613» The two loaves of bread were baked with leaven. Since this was not the Feast of the Passover, but an offering of baked bread (Lev 23:17) which was for the priest (Lev 7:9) and thus could be baked with leaven (Lev 7:13-14), then leavened-baked bread was perfectly correct for this ritual. Baked leavened bread is edible bread, edible in the way most people eat bread. It is a finished product while the sheaf of first fruits was not baked, but was an unbaked sheaf of grain. (2) This wave offering of two loaves of baked bread at the Pentecost was a finished product, so to speak. It was baked; it was baked with leaven. It was a finished product that used leaven (or sin, since leaven represents sin) to make it. If we take the leaven in these two loaves as somehow representing sin or the effects of sin, then sin played a part in the making (baking) of the two loaves. As leaven was used to make the finished product (bread), so must sin be used in some way to produce the finished or harvested man. To understand how sin could play any part, you must understand the law of knowledge and the reason for good and evil (see Num 20 and GP7). Remember, we learn from John that Christians are forgiven through Christ, for Christ's sacrifice (blood) made us acceptable to God, yet we are not without sin (leaven):

  • but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. 8 If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us. (1John 1:7-10)

So Christians, even though Christ cleansed them from all sin (forgave all their sins), still are sinners and have sin and the results of sin in them: they still have leaven in them; none are perfect like Jesus Christ. The leaven in the two loaves represented the sin or age of sin that gives us the knowledge of evil, which in turn allows us to understand and appreciate good (study NM20).

Two Loaves Represent ...

nm614» So what do the two loaves of baked leavened bread mean in the Feast of Pentecost?

  • Knowing, first that this festival represents the second order to salvation as explained by Paul (1Cor 15:20-28);
  • knowing, second that it occurs at the time of the coming of Christ and the setting up of his kingdom on earth (1Cor 15:23);
  • knowing, third that there will be two witnesses representing Christ 3 ˝ years before Christ returns (PR8; Rev 11);
  • knowing, that two churches are associated with the two witnesses ("two candlesticks," Rev 11:4 cf. Rev 1:20);
  • then we know that the two loaves represent, all in the second order to salvation and also the two witnesses with their associated two churches at the end of the world.

nm615» But also since we know there is only ONE church of Christ (which includes both the living and the dead in Christ [1Cor 15:52-56]), then these two loaves or churches also represent metaphorically the ONE church. The two loaves only add another point of information as do the seven churches in Revelation add to our information of the state of the Church at the end of the age. It is the 144,000 that will be infused into God at Christ's coming and it is one Church with one Spirit.

  • But each in his own order: Christ the first of the first fruits, after that those who are Christ's at His coming, (1Cor 15:23)
  • Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.... 14:4 These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb. (Rev 14:1,4)
  • For even as the body is one and yet has many members, and all the members of the body, though they are many, are one body, so also is Christ. For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit. (1Cor 12:12-13)

Feast of Trumpets: Great Assembly

Trumpets for Resurrection

nm616» On the first day of the seventh month of Israel's Sacred Calendar (Sept-Oct) Israel had a festival of trumpets, which we call the Feast of Trumpets and others call the "Day of the Awakening Blast," which started a repentance period ("days of repentance") of nine days before the Day of Atonement (The Temple, by Alfred Edersheim, p. 291). Moses in the Bible writes about the Feast of Trumpets as follows:

  • "Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a Sabbath [that is, an annual Sabbath], a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation [an assembly]. You shall do no servile work therein: but you shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord" (Lev 23:24-25).
  • "And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work; it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you" (Num 29:1).

nm617 » Therefore the feast of trumpets was another annual Sabbath for the Hebrews. It wasn't a festival where all males had to appear before God in Jerusalem, nor was it a harvest, but it was a holy convocation, a Sabbath. It happened on the first day of the seventh month. The main aspect of this holy day was that trumpets were blown on it, some accounts tell us that trumpets were sounded all day long:

  • Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a memorial by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. (Lev 23:24)
  • Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets. (Num 29:1)

Feast of Trumpets not for War

The time when the Kingdom of God is set up on earth is after Jesus Christ comes, after the great tribulation (Mat 24:29-30), on the antitypical Pentecost. And since after the kingdom of God is set up there will never be war again (PR6, Sec [13]), then the fulfillment of the Feast of Trumpets has to do with something else besides war.

Trumpet blowing also represented other things such as to introduce a new king (1Kgs 1:34-41), and was used in the Bible to indicate the presence of God (Exod 19:16,19; 2Kgs 9:13). But these two aspects of trumpet blowing were fulfilled by the trumpet blowing on the antitypical Feast of Pentecost.

There will be trumpets blown at the end of the world, but just because the trumpets are blown at the end of the world and just because the feast of trumpets is a day of blowing of trumpets, does not necessarily mean that the feast represents the end of the world. Originally, the trumpet blowing on the Feast of Trumpets was not for war, but to assemble Israel for a holy day where no work was to be done (Lev 23:24-25; Num 29:1). Remember that every festival had horns blown on them (Num 10:10).

Perfect Fulfillment always occurs on Same Day

nm618» The various meanings of blowing the trumpets are telling us something. As we have seen by our study of the Passover, events were fulfilled anti-typically on the exact day on which they happened in the Old Testament feast. The typical Passover was killed on the 14th of the first month; the antitypical Passover (Christ) was killed on the 14th also. The taking of the sheaf of the first fruits typically was performed at the beginning of the day after the Sabbath; antitypically this was fulfilled when Christ ascended to his Father on the beginning of the day, after sunset, after the weekly Sabbath. The Pentecost typically happened after the harvest of first fruits; antitypically the Pentecost indicates the first harvest of the world's people to immortality and this harvest will happen on the antitypical Pentecost. The first giving of the Spirit that makes this harvest of people to immortality possible also happened on the exact day of the Pentecost (Acts 2).

Feast of Trumpets Fulfillment

nm619» The Feast of Trumpets will be the resurrection of the third order or rank of all that died in the first seven 1000-year periods. Trumpets were used to gather Israel together. As we see in the "Seed Paper" [PR1], physical Israel represents allegorically all of mankind. The Feast of Trumpets was the grand day of trumpet blowing for trumpets were blown all day long. The Pentecost foreshadowed the resurrection at the beginning of the 1000 year-day of rest (Rev 20:4-5), while the Feast of Trumpets foreshadows the far greater (in number) resurrection of all the rest of the dead from their graves after the 1000 year-day (Rev 20:4-5). This is the resurrection of judgment, or those from the 1000 year judgment (John 5:29; see NM24). All the dead will be resurrected and taught from the Bible the meaning of life and the plan of God as foreshadowed by such verses as Neh 7:73-8:10. Remember all resurrected in this great resurrection did not understand who or what God was or the purpose of life while they lived on earth previously. So at the time of their resurrection from the dead and from their judgment they will learn the truth and they will weep and repent when they start to understand how grand God was/is/will be, and how evil they had been in their past behavior.

  • "For the people wept when they heard the words of the law" (Neh 8:9)

The people wept on the first day of Israel's seventh month (Neh 7:73).

But their weeping will turn to joy as they learn of the great good news of God's great plan of creation. As in the book of Nehemiah, the people on the first day of the seventh year (Neh 7:73) and on the second day of that month gathered "to understand the words of the law" (Neh 8:13). From the first day when they will be resurrected on the Feast of Trumpets until the Day of Atonement, they will study and learn from the Bible all that they overlooked while on earth. The Feast of Trumpets gathers the people of the earth from their judgment and starts to teach them the truth until the Day of Atonement when something even greater happens.


Day of Atonement

Atonement for All

Physical and Spiritual Join

nm620» "And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, also on the tenth day of the seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation unto you; and you shall afflict your souls and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord. And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you, before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. You shall do no manner of work: a statute aeonian throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening unto evening, shall you celebrate your Sabbath" (Lev 23:27-32).

nm621» "This shall be a permanent statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls and not do any work, whether the native, or the alien who sojourns among you; 30 for it is on this day that atonement shall be made for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the Lord. 31 "It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute. 32 "So the priest who is anointed and ordained to serve as priest in his father's place shall make atonement: he shall thus put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 33 and make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar. He shall also make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 "Now you shall have this as a permanent statute, to make atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sins once every year." And just as the Lord had commanded Moses, so he did. (Lev 16:29-34)

The key word here is soul as we will see below after we see what is the antitypical meaning of "fast."

Physical Fast and Soul

nm622» Therefore the day of Atonement was a day of rest, and a day to "afflict your souls." The day of Atonement was an annual Sabbath for the Hebrews wherein they came together; it was a day of rest from labor. Now what does it mean to afflict their souls? First of all, "soul" here is translated from a Hebrew word that means, breathing animal (NM6). To afflict one's soul is to afflict one's living body.

Real Fast is Behavior without Evil

nm623» The word "afflict" is translated from a Hebrew word that means, to humble, or to lower. Therefore on the day of Atonement we humble or lower our bodies. Now this means to the physical Jews to fast on that day, and thus to humble their bodies. Isa 58:3 seems to use afflicting one's soul and fasting interchangeably. Therefore to afflict one's souls is to fast. But we are to worship God Spiritually (John 4:23-24). What is the Spiritual or higher meaning for fasting?:

  • "Is not this what I require of you as a fast: to loose the fetters of injustice, to untie the knots of the yoke, to snap every yoke and set free those who have been crushed? Is it not sharing your food with the hungry, taking the homeless poor into your house, clothing the naked when you meet them, and never evading a duty to your kinfolk?" (Isa 58:6-7, NEB)

nm624» In other words, Spiritual lowering of our bodies, or fasting, is the way or system of love. When Christian's fast, they fast from "fat" as used negatively in the Bible. On Israel's festivals "fat" was burned up. Spiritually speaking, all fat (evil) is burnt up by God's Spirit and God's way. Therefore since we are to worship God Spiritually, then to Spiritually fast is to follow in the way of love. Since Christians are supposed to have the Spirit, which brings them atonement to God, then Spiritual Christians always Spiritually fast - they always follow in the way of love, at least in their inner minds, according to the power given them.

New Soul

Also notice that the fast on the Day of Atonement is a fast of the soul. As we learned in the Body, Soul, and Spirit Paper [NM6], there are two meanings to soul. The physical meaning is that a soul is a physical body with breath in it; while the higher meaning of soul is a physical body with God's Spirit in it. At the antitypical Feast of Atonement, the Spiritual meaning of "fast" will apply and the Spiritual meaning of soul will apply. At the antitypical Atonement all will be in their soul: a physical body with a good Spirit of God in them (Rom 5:11).

Atonement to God

nm625» The Hebrew's Day of Atonement Spiritually represents to us the atonement of man to God. In the paper "Thousand Years and Beyond" we explained that the time of Atonement for mankind to God through the medium of the Spirit of God is in the eighth Spiritual time period, the Great Day of Atonement. This Spiritual day of Atonement lasts for 100 years, and occurs after the seventh millennium as shown in the paper just mentioned. The day of Atonement pictures the snapping of all the yokes of bondage from mankind and angelkind, and the practicing of the way of love for ALL. We receive atonement through Christ (Rom 5:11). And we receive this atonement when we have the Spirit of God in us.

Trumpets on the Day of Atonement on the Jubilee

nm626» In Leviticus, chapter , it explains the year of jubilee. This was a year when all returned to their homeland and families. This jubilee pictures the Great Day of Atonement to God when everyone ever born of mankind has been resurrected and will return to their families and live in that age. It is significant that on the day of atonement, just at the beginning of the jubilee that there was to sound "the trumpet of jubilee" throughout the land (Lev 25:9). This trumpet does not antitypically represent a resurrection (1Cor 15:52; 1Thess 4:16), since that happened earlier on the Feast of Trumpets. The trumpet here does not signify war because at the beginning of the 7th millennium, all war will be stopped and will never happen again (see "Last War and God's Wrath" paper [PR5]). On the Great Day of Atonement after the thousand years, all will have been resurrected back to life (Ezek 16:55, 37:1-13). Thereafter on the Day of Atonement the Spirit of God will be given them (Ezek 37:13-14). The trumpets on the Day of Atonement signify the gathering of the physical and Spiritual coming together into atonement.

Day of Atonement Fulfillment: Release From Sin

nm627» At the end of seven units of time ("years"), which represents the Spiritual seven units of time (millenniums), is the release from debt (Deut 15:1-2). Debt and sin are used interchangeably in the Bible (Luke 11:4). Therefore, according to the pattern, after the seven millenniums, all will have been released from sin. The Spiritual law will be imputed to all and thereafter they shall follow all the ways of love perfectly because on the eighth Spiritual day they will receive the Spirit or New Mind in the full measure of power as Christ had when he was on earth.

nm628» The festival of Atonement pictures the atonement of all mankind in the eighth Spiritual day and receiving the Spirit in the eighth unit of Spiritual time. This is pictured in John 7:37-39:

  • Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, 'From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.'" 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified. (John 7:37-39)

nm629» The Jubilee also started on the day of Atonement and the Jubilee represented atonement of all the people to God.

  • You shall then sound a ram's horn abroad on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the day of atonement you shall sound a horn all through your land. (Lev 25:9)

Everyone was to return to his family and possessions, and the poor and servants were able to redeem themselves and their property. It was a year of liberty and freedom: You shall "proclaim liberty throughout the land and unto all the inhabitants." (Lev 25:10) But the only true way to get true freedom is through the Spirit of God (2Cor 3:17; Gal 5:1). "And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement" (Rom 5:11). The real atonement is through Christ and his Spirit of God. When the last group or order receives the Spirit, at that time, all will be atoned to God through the New Mind or new Spirit of God. But all will not yet be immortal as we see by studying how the seed was sown in the Jubilee. See Below. Spiritual atonement must happen on the eighth period of time after the seven millenniums as shown in NM15.

Ritual of the "twin" goats fulfilled on the antitypical Day of Atonement

The ritual of "twin" goats on the Day of Atonement was partially fulfilled when Christ died for our sins. Christ fulfilled the ritual of the first goat mentioned in Lev 16:7-9,15-19. But the fulfillment of the second goat's ritual will not be fulfilled until the antitypical Day of Atonement, when all sin is sent away for ever. The antitypical Day of Atonement will fulfill perfectly atonement to God because all mankind on that day will receive the Spirit, and because of this, sin will on that day be sent away in the perfect sense. This will fulfill the Azazel ritual perfectly, and thus complete perfectly the typical Day of Atonement (see NM15, under "Azazel").

Feast of Tabernacles
Represents third and Final Harvest
Great Multitude with white robes and palms (Rev 7:9)
Third Order or Rank fulfills God all in all (1Cor 15:23-28)


15th of 7th mo.
22nd of 7th mo.
23rd day
[1Chr 7:10]
1st day 
Living in temp. palm booths
2nd day Living in temp. palm booths 3rd day Living in temp. palm booths 4th day Living in temp. palm booths 5th day Living in temp. palm booths 6th day Living in temp. palm booths 7th day Living in temp. palm booths 8th day Great Last Day

Atonement with God

9th "day"
  Time >
< Signifies eight periods of the creation (seven millenniums & one shorter period) > Forever >

Third Harvest: Feast of Tabernacles

Third and Final Resurrection to Immortal Life

nm630» The typical Feast of Tabernacles, also called the Feast of Booths, occurred after the last harvest of the year:

  • Lev 23:34 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'On the fifteenth of this seventh month is the Feast of Booths for seven days to the Lord. 35 'On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind. 36 'For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the Lord; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work. 37 'These are the appointed times of the Lord which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the Lord-- burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each day's matter on its own day-- 38 besides those of the sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts and besides all your votive and freewill offerings, which you give to the Lord. 39 'On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord for seven days, with a rest on the first day and a rest on the eighth day. 40 'Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41 'You shall thus celebrate it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 'You shall live in booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall live in booths, 43 so that your generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.'" 44 So Moses declared to the sons of Israel the appointed times of the Lord. (Lev 23:34-44)

Temporary Booths

nm631» This festival lasted eight days. The first day was an assembly, and the eighth day was an assembly. But during the first seven days, physical Israel was to live in temporary booths made up of branches of trees (Lev 23:40; Neh 8:15).

  • Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. (Lev 23:40)
  • So they proclaimed and circulated a proclamation in all their cities and in Jerusalem, saying, "Go out to the hills, and bring olive branches and wild olive branches, myrtle branches, palm branches and branches of other leafy trees, to make booths, as it is written." (Neh 8:15)
  • You shall live in booths for seven days; all those born in Israel shall live in booths (Lev 23:42)

All born in Israel were to live in booths for seven days. This Spiritually signifies the seven Spiritual days, the seven millenniums, and all of mankind born in the seven millenniums. Why? Because everyone will eventually become a Spiritual Israelite (see, "Seed Paper" [PR1]), this thus signifies that all ever to be born of God will be born of man during the first seven millenniums. During the seven millenniums all of mankind will have lived in their temporary bodies. After the seven millenniums, mankind as a whole will be typically complete, or joined with their Spirit. Two (the Spirit and the physical body) will be typically complete in the eighth Spiritual day. Therefore they will not be dwelling in their temporary tabernacles (old temporary bodies) after the seven millenniums, but they will be dwelling in their new bodies as a New Soul. But in the short eighth Spiritual day, they will be in their New Soul as a begotten son of God. Later they will be born of God (see "Begotten, Born Paper" [NM 5]).

100 Years

nm632» The eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles indicated the eighth Spiritual period of the Spiritual creation. This eighth Spiritual day will be shorter than the first seven Spiritual days as indicated by the eighth period of time in the Jubilee and Pentecost festival:

(1) The Jubilee is the eighth year after seven periods of seven years;

(2) The Pentecost is the eighth day after seven periods of seven days.

This shorter eighth period of time will last 100 years. The proof for the length is indicated by Isa 65:20 and other scripture (Exod 26:3,7,12, 36:10,14; see Sacrifice Table below). Here it shows all people living to the age of 100 years. People will live that long once the typical new heaven and earth is created (Isa 65:17-19). This begins at Christ's return and lasts until the creation of the true new heaven and earth. Since there is to be an eighth Spiritual day of creation, as indicated by the pattern of various festivals and rituals of the Bible (see NM15), and since the life spans will be 100 years in the typical new heaven and earth, and since those resurrected after the seven millenniums will still be human beings, but with the Spirit joined to them, and since in the Biblical patterns the eighth unit in the cycle is pictured as being smaller than the previous seven units; then the eighth day of creation will be smaller than the previous ones, and it will last for 100 years, which is the length of human life in the typical new heaven and earth. Note: To understand the patterns and cycles of eight, see the paper, "Thousand Years and Beyond" [NM 15].

nm633» When Jesus kept the feast of tabernacles, he on the eighth day ("the last day") stood up and said, "if any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink" (John 7:37). By this he meant the water of the Spirit (John 7:39). Therefore this indicates the giving of the Spirit in the eighth Spiritual day of creation.

Feast of Tabernacles Fulfillment

nm634» Notice that the Festival of Tabernacles was celebrated after the gathering of the harvest (Exod 23:16; Lev 23:39; Deut 16:13). This indicates in the higher sense the time after the gathering of all the harvest of mankind. Mankind is totally gathered together in the eighth Spiritual day, wherein all will be resurrected to life with the new Spirit given them. The festival is thus fulfilled perfectly after all have been harvested. Harvest, in the first two harvests, always meant being harvested to immortality and with that being placed back into the God.

After The Eighth Day

nm635» Now notice: "and in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast [of tabernacles] seven days [that is, the 7 days before this 8th day]. And on the three and twentieth day [23rd] of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the Lord had showed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people. Thus Solomon FINISHED the house of the Lord, and the kings's house" (2Chr 7:9-11). Now the eighth day of the feast happens on the 22nd day of the seventh month. Solomon sent them back to their tents on the 23rd day (the 9th day after the feast began) when the house of God was finished.

House of God Finished

Since Christians are the antitypical temple and house of God (1Cor 3:16; 1Pet 2:5), and since all will eventually go into God (NM13), then when the house of God is finished (all in God), so too will be the creation, in its truest sense. Also we show in PR1 that the antitypical Solomon is Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ will build and finish the house of God for all things are built through Christ (Col 1:16-19; 1Pet 2:5).

nm636» Therefore the higher meaning of 2Chr 7:9-11 indicates that after the eighth Spiritual days of creation, then the family (house) of God will be finished. The house of God is the Spiritual house that Jesus Christ is to build. That is, the creation of God will be finished - all will be born of God - right after the eighth Spiritual day of creation. The next instant after the eighth Spiritual day would be the ninth Spiritual day. But since right after the eighth Spiritual day is when the true creation of the new heaven and earth will happen (Rev 21:5), then it is at that point that Jesus Christ (the Spiritual Solomon) will have finished the creation. At the end of the 100 year Great Last Spiritual Day of Creation (at the end of the eighth day of the feast of tabernacles) those who are still human will be born of God as in the description of 1Cor 15:52-55. At that time the new universe will be created and the immortal state of happiness will begin for everyone.

So when does this happen? This happens at the very end of the eighth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, on the very last moments of the last day of the Great Last Day (8th Spiritual day of creation), then the last group and all the universe will be created new, so that God will be all in all.

Jubilee Harvest

Sowing the Seed

6th Yr 7th Yr Land Rest 8th Yr = Jubilee 9th Yr
Seed sown No seed sown
people eat from 6th year's harvest
Seed sown, but not harvested this year;
people eat from 6th year's harvest
People eat harvest sown in the 8th year
< Seed sown in 6th year produces enough for these three years (Lev 25:21) >  
Lev 25:3,20-22 Lev 25:4-5,20-21 Lev 25:11,22 Lev 25:22

Jubilee Harvest: Sowing of the Seed

nm637» The year of jubilee is the year after seven Sabbatical years. A Sabbatical year occurs every seventh year wherein there is not to be sown any crop (Lev 25:3-5). Now the jubilee year is the eighth year, the year after the seventh Sabbatical year. In the seventh year is the year people were not to sow at all, while in the jubilee year the people were supposed to sow, but not to reap the fruit thereof in the jubilee year (Lev 25:11,22). And "the jubilee; it shall be holy unto you: you shall eat the increase thereof out of the field" (Lev 25:12). But you were not to eat the sown fruit, that you sowed in the eighth year, the jubilee year (Lev 25:11,22). One was to eat of the fruit sown in the sixth year until the ninth year, until the fruit sown in the eighth year came in (Lev 25:20-22). Therefore in the sixth year, God would give a blessing that would last for three years (Lev 25:21). Since one was not to sow in the eighth jubilee year to reap or harvest that same year (Lev 25:11), yet one was to sow in that year (Lev 25:1,22st part), then they did sow the land in the eighth jubilee year. But thereafter when this crop came forth in the ninth year they were eating the increase of the eighth jubilee year, but not in the jubilee year as the laws required (cf Lev 25:11-12,22).

Higher Meaning of the Sowing and Harvest

nm638» The higher meaning of this indicates that during the sixth millennium enough of the good Spiritual crop of the earth (Christians, Mat 13:38-41) will be harvested to provide for the sixth, seventh, and eighth Spiritual days of creation. And on the seventh Spiritual day, the seventh millennium, there will be no souls sown with the good Spiritual seed (see "Thousand Years Paper" [NM 15]). But in the eighth Spiritual day (the 100 year Great Last Day of Creation) souls will be sown with the good Spiritual seed, but they will not be reaped in the eighth Spiritual day. They will be reaped on the ninth or thus at the very end of the eighth Spiritual day, when the antitypical new heaven and earth will be created. At that time the others will be Spiritually harvested. They will then be born of God like those who were born after the first harvest of the world (Mat 13:38-41; Rev 14:4,14-20).

nm639» The Feast of Tabernacles thus represents the full creation; it pictures the eight Spiritual days of Creation, and the GREAT Spiritual harvest of them.

Review: Three Orders of Creation

nm640» God directed that all males must stand before the Lord during three of the annual festivals: "Three times in a year shall your males appear before the Lord your God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks [Pentecost], and in the feast of tabernacles" (Deut 16:16). These three appearances indicate the three times when those of the creation will be born of God, or go back to God, or be resurrected immortal, or be infused to God and be one with God:

  • (1) During the Feast of Unleavened Bread the sheaf being waved indicated Christ ascending to his Spiritual Father, and thus being born of God. He was the first-born of God - the first fruit of creation (John 1:18; 1Cor 15:23).
  • (2) The Feast of Pentecost (50 weeks) indicates those of the first-fruits or first-products of God. That is, the first-ones after Christ returning to God (1Cor 15:23; Rev 14:4).
  • (3) The Feast of Tabernacles indicates the gathering of the rest of mankind to God (1Cor 15:24-28; Rev 7:9, note the "palms in their hands").

Do Christians keep the above mentioned feasts or appointed times?

nm641» Christians keep these feasts in a Spiritual manner and in the place where God has placed his NAME (note Deut 12:5,18; etc.). A place where God has placed his NAME is inside true Christians. The NAME of God is in anyone who has the Spirit of God or the New Mind, for anyone with the Spirit of God is a child of God (Rom 8:16). Christ was the first to keep a festival in a Spiritual manner. Christ kept the Passover in a Spiritual manner. The New Testament Christians on the antitypical Day of Pentecost will be the first to keep the Pentecost in a Spiritual manner. All the rest will keep the Feast of Tabernacles in a Spiritual manner.

Sacrifices and Jesus Christ

nm642» Sacrifices were an almost universal way for mankind to worship God up until the time of Christ. Then things began to change until today when most religions no longer practice sacrifices. The reason for this former universal practice of ritualistic sacrifice is hidden in history, but it has to do with the other-mind (NM21).

Quick Review of Sacrifices in the Bible

Cain and Abel

nm643» The book of Genesis first mentions sacrifices in the story about Cain and Abel:

  • Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, "I have gotten a manchild with the help of the Lord." 2 Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 So it came about in the course of time that Cain brought an offering to the Lord of the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel, on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and for his offering; 5 but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell. (Gen 4:1-5)

The account of the offerings of Cain and Abel shows that ritualistic sacrificing dated from almost the beginning. The custom of offering the firstlings and first-fruits had already begun. Cain's offering was grain and is called minchah, "a gift" or "presentation." The same term is applied to Abel's. There is no hint that the bloody sacrifice was in itself better than the unbloody one, but it is shown that sacrifice without a right attitude is not acceptable to God.


nm644» The sacrifices of Noah followed and celebrated leaving the ark after the flood. He offered burnt offerings of the clean animals (Gen 8:20 ff). Remember he brought seven sets (male & female) of the clean animals onto the ark (Gen 7:2).


nm645» Abraham on his arrival at Shechem erected an altar (Gen 12:6-7). At Beth-el he also built an altar (Gen 12:8), and on his return from Egypt he worshiped there (Gen 13:4). At Hebron he built an altar (Gen 13:18). In Gen 15:1-18 he offers a "covenant" sacrifice, when the animals were slain, divided, the parts set opposite each other, and prepared for the appearance of the other party to the covenant. In Gen 22 Abraham attempts to offer up Isaac his son as a burnt offering, but instead offered up a lamb for a burnt offering because of what the angel of God said to him (Gen 22:8,11-13). What God really wanted was an obedient heart (Gen 22:12). Abraham continued his worship at Beer-sheba (Gen 21:33).


nm646» Isaac built an altar at Beer-sheba apparently to have regularly offered sacrifices (Gen 26:25).


nm647» Jacob poured oil upon the stone at Beth-el (Gen 28:18-22). After his covenant with Laban he offered sacrifices (zebhachim) and ate bread with his brethren (Gen 31:54). At Shechem, Jacob erected an altar (Gen 33:20). At Beth-el (Gen 35:7) and at Beer-sheba he offered sacrifices to Isaac's God (Gen 46:1).

Israelites in Egypt

nm648» Sacrifices were not something new to the fathers of Israel. Therefore because Egyptians had a sacrificial system this meant that the Israelites were also accustomed to spring sacrifices, spring feasts, and fall feasts. Such sacrifices also had been found among the Arabs, Syrians and others. Such festivals were handed down even to the Romans. For example, according to Pliny Romans never ate their new corn or wine, till the priests had offered the first-fruits to the gods (Clarke's Commentary, vol 1, p. 417) which is similar to the fact that Israel could not eat of the first fruits until the sheaf of first fruits was waved by the priest (Lev 23:10-14). According to Plutarch, the false god Bacchus had a festival like the feast of tabernacles, "they celebrated [the festival] in the time of vintage, bringing tables out into the open air furnished with all kinds of fruit, and sitting under tents made of vine branches and ivy" (Clarke's Commentary, vol 1, p. 587 (3)

; cf. Lev 23:35-41). As in most nations, in Egypt at these festivals sacrifices and food were offered to their gods. Apparently it was to some such feast Moses said Israel as a people wished to go in the wilderness (Exod 3:18, 5:3 ff; 7:16) to sacrifice to Yehowah. Pharaoh understood and asked who was to go (Exod 10:8). Moses demanded flocks and herds for the feast (Exod 10:9). Pharaoh wanted to keep the flocks (Exod 10:24), but Moses said they must offer sacrifices and burnt offerings (Exod 10:25 ff). The sacrifice of the Passover soon occurred thereafter, but according to the pattern that God manifested to Moses, not according to Egyptian traditions (Exod 12:1-17). [Some of the above material taken from ISBE (1915)]


Not Sacrifice, but Obedience

nm649» One main difference between the sacrificial system initiated by Moses and the other systems was that the foundational principle was obedience (Exod 19:4-8). The main aspect in Israel's religion was obedience and loyalty to Jehovah, not sacrifices. God spoke about obedience, not sacrifices:

  • Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, "Add your burnt offerings to your sacrifices and eat flesh. 22 "For I did not speak to your fathers, or command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices. 23 "But this is what I commanded them, saying, 'Obey My voice, and I will be your God, and you will be My people; and you will walk in all the way which I command you, that it may be well with you.' (Jer 7:21-23)
  • Sacrifice and meal offering You have not desired; My ears You have opened; Burnt offering and sin offering You have not required. (Pss 40:6)
  • For You do not delight in sacrifice, otherwise I would give it; You are not pleased with burnt offering. (Pss 51:16)
  • To do righteousness and justice Is desired by the Lord more than sacrifice. (Prov 21:3)
  • "What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me?" Says the Lord. "I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams, And the fat of fed cattle; And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs or goats. (Isa 1:11)

nm650» At Mount Sinai on the day that God asked Israel to obey his law, he didn't ask for sacrifices, he asked for obedience

  • 'If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments so as to carry them out, 4 then I shall give you rains in their season, so that the land will yield its produce and the trees of the field will bear their fruit. (Lev 26:3-4)
  • These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which the Lord established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai. (Lev 26:46)
  • "Then the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire; you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form-- only a voice. 13 "So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 14 "The Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that you might perform them in the land where you are going over to possess it. (Deut 4:12-14)
  • Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing, that you may learn them and observe them carefully. 2 "The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. 3 "The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today. 4 "The Lord spoke to you face to face at the mountain from the midst of the fire, 5 while I was standing between the Lord and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the Lord; for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain. He said. (Deut 5:1-5)
  • Then you shall say to your son, 'We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and the Lord brought us from Egypt with a mighty hand. 22 'Moreover, the Lord showed great and distressing signs and wonders before our eyes against Egypt, Pharaoh and all his household; 23 He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land which He had sworn to our fathers.' 24 "So the Lord commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God for our good always and for our survival, as it is today. 25 "It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to observe all this commandment before the Lord our God, just as He commanded us. (Deut 6:21-25)

If Israel Brings an Offering

Paradoxes of Sacrifices

nm651» Although God did not wish or require sacrifices, if Israel brought them He wanted them offered in the way or pattern he commanded: "If any man of you bring an offering unto the Lord, you shall bring your offering ...." (Exod 25:2; Lev 1:2, 2:1, 22:18) But on the other hand, God apparently used mankind's inclination towards sacrifices as a form of worship in order to reveal Jesus Christ. When one studies the Old Testament scriptures on sacrifices, one finds the paradoxical situation of God not wanting sacrifices, yet commanding certain ways of performing these unwanted sacrifices. This may have something to do with the left and right side of God as mentioned in the God Papers. We cannot speak about this subject here.

Even Physical Circumcision...

nm652» Also God was really looking for a circumcision of Israel's heart or mind, not their foreskins:

  • "So circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer. (Deut 10, 16)
  • "Moreover the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you may live. (Deut 30:6)
  • "Circumcise yourselves to the Lord And remove the foreskins of your heart, Men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, Or else My wrath will go forth like fire And burn with none to quench it, Because of the evil of your deeds." (Jer 4:4)

Sinai's Covenant

nm653» The covenant was made and the terms and conditions are then laid down by Moses and accepted by the people (Exod 24:3). After the ten commandments and covenant code were given, an altar is built, burnt offerings and peace offerings of oxen are slain by young men servants of Moses, not by priests, and blood is sprinkled on the altar (Exod 19:25-24:8). The Law was read, the pledge given, and Moses sprinkled the representatives of the people, consecrating them.

First Forty Days, Moses Shown the Patterns of Tabernacle

nm654» After Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel saw a vision of God, Moses went up onto Mt Sinai for forty days (Exod 24:9-18). At that time God gave Moses the "pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof" (Exod 25:9,40; Heb 8:5).This pattern given to Moses was a pattern of the heavenly or spiritual things to come:

  • "And almost all things by the law are cleansed with blood; and without shedding of blood there is no remission [sending away of sin]. Therefore it was necessary for the copy [Moses' Tabernacle] of the things in the heavens to be cleansed with these [physical] sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves [are cleansed] with better sacrifices than these [physical sacrifices]. For Christ [the better sacrifice] did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us." (Heb 9:22-24)
  • "For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near." (Heb 10:1)

A better or Spiritual sacrifice was needed to fulfill the physical things in the Tabernacle that foreshadowed things to come. In table form let us look at some of the patterns of Moses' Tabernacle, its furniture, and its sacrifices and manifest to you the things that have come and are coming:


nm655 »

Tabernacle, Sacrifices and Jesus Christ
Physical Aspect Spiritual Aspect
Tabernacle or Temple Tabernacle or Temple = Spiritual Body of Christ

[not to scale]

Holy of Holies
  • Golden Ark of the Testimony: Cherubs and Mercy Seat [west side of tabernacle] (Exod 25:10-22, 26:34)
Ark = Christ Fulfilled (Now is Right Side)

Jesus Christ went into the Holy of Holies as the Right side of God (Acts 2:33-35; Heb 9:24, 10:10-12; God Papers).

  • Veil Between Most Holy and Holy Place of Blue, Purple, and Scarlet (Ex 26:33)
First Veil = Christ's Flesh

Luke 23:45: because the sun was obscured; and the veil of the temple was torn in two.

Heb 10:20: by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh,

nm656» Holy Place
  • Golden Altar of Incense placed before the Holy of holies atoned with the blood of the sin offering once a year (Exod 30:1-10) [located west side of Holy Place]
Incense = Prayer

Rev 8:3: Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel's hand.

  • Golden Table of Showbread, (Exod 25:23-30); 26:35) [located north side of tabernacle]
Bread = Christ's Spiritual Bread

The showbread was unleavened bread continually present in the Most Holy place of the tabernacle. Also see NM16 under "Spiritual Bread"

Candlestick = Christ's Body (Church)

Rev 1:20: The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches. For antitypical beaten oil see Isa 53:4-5; 1Pet 2:24.

  • Tabernacle Covering of Blue, Purple, and Scarlet Ten Curtains with Needlework of Cherubs (Exod 26:1)
Ten Curtains = Ten Life-Span Era of the Kingdom

Ten curtains over the tabernacle indicate the ten 100 year life-spans or ten generations (1000 years) of the seventh period of time. See Deut 23:2-3 (non-Spiritual Israelites will not enter the kingdom for ten generations or ten 100 year life spans); Isa 65:20 (life spans in the kingdom will be for 100 years);

  • Additional Tabernacle Covering of Eleven Curtains of Goat [skin or hair] (Exod 26:7); More Tabernacle Coverings (above the Goat's hair) of Ram Skins Dyed Red and Badgers' Skins covered and hid the eleven curtains (Exod 26:14).
Eleventh Curtain = 11th Life-Span Era

As these additional coverings hid and protected the tabernacle, the Spiritual tabernacle and truth have been hidden from the world. See PR15 for scripture that points to the hidden atonement period, the eighth period of time.

  • Veil outside of the Holy Place at the entrance of the Tabernacle of Blue, Purple, and Scarlet (Exod 26:36)
Second Veil = Flesh of Christians

As the veil to the holy of holies was torn to manifest Christ's death (see # 2 above) in order for him to enter into it, so too those who enter into the holy place die (through Spiritual baptism) in order to go into it.

nm657» Tabernacle Outer Court
  • Court Surrounds Tabernacle ()

[There can be reasonable disagreement with what the outer court in Ezekiel and Revelation represented. Did it represent Moses' Tabernacle or not. We think it did, because the scripture on the "outer court" outside of scripture in Exodus (Exod 27:9-18, 38:9-20) is extremely vague as to the nature size, and location of it. When we understand that the first Tabernacle is a pattern for our time (see below), we understand this matter better.]

The outer court represented the non-Christians, who are not counted because God's holiness (Spirit) was not transmitted to them.

"When they go out into the outer court, into the outer court to the people, they shall put off their garments in which they have been ministering and lay them in the holy chambers; then they shall put on other garments so that they will not transmit holiness to the people with their garments. (Ezek 44:19)

"Then there was given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, "Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2 "Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months." (Rev 11:1-2)

  • Brass Water Basin (laver) for Aaron and his sons to wash hands and feet (Exod 30:17-21)
Water = Spiritual Water or Spirit

Christ, was anointed and washed by the Spirit of God; his sons are washed and anointed by God's Spirit also. (John 1, 7:37-39 Cor 6:11; Heb 10:22)

  • Brass Four Horned Altar outside the entrance of the Tabernacle (Exod 27:1-8)
Antitypical Horned Altar

The four horns symbolize the four beasts of Daniel and Revelation, which in turn represent Satan's kingdoms (PR2) in the four corners of the world. The sacrifices and death on this altar represent the death and sacrifices of all mankind under Satan's chaos:

Rev 12:9: ... Satan, who deceives the whole world....

Rom 8:22: ...the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.

Christ releases the creation from Satan at his second coming by sending sin away at his coming (Rev 20:1-3; & see Azazel).

  • Veil of Blue, Purple, and Scarlet at Court Entrance
Third Veil = Flesh of the Third Order

Entrance into the court outside the holy tabernacle also must be through the blue, purple, and scarlet veil (death). See # 2 and # 8 above.

nm658» Priests' Garments  
  • Garments, Robe, Coats, and Breeches for the Priests (Aaron & Sons) made of White Linen of Gold, Blue, Purple, and Scarlet trim and designs (Exod 28:1-8,31-35)
Garments = Spiritual Garments

Since Christ is the chief priest (Heb 7:21-22), The white represents holiness and the gold represents the Spiritual aspect of Christ and his body (See Rev 7:13-14) while the blue, purple, and scarlet represent the death of Christ.

  • Two Onyx Stones engraved with the Names of the son of Israel (Exod 28:9-10)
Engraved Stones = Reveals that Christ Represents Spiritual Israel

Christ and his Church are the antitypical Priest and priests (Heb 7:21-22; Rev 1:6, 5:9-10). Christ (his Spiritual Body) is Spiritual Israel. (PR1; Rev 7:4-8)

  • Breastplate of Twelve Precious Stones representing the tribes of Israel (Exod 28:15-21)
Breastplate = Reveals that Christ Represents Spiritual Israel

Christ and his Church are the antitypical Priest and priest (Heb 7:21-22; Rev 1:6, 5:9-10). Christ (his Spiritual Body) is Spiritual Israel. (PR1; Rev 7:4-8)

  • Golden Plate on Forehead of Priest engraved with "Holiness to the YHWH" (Exod 28:36-38)
Engraved Insignia = Indicates God's Name is on Christ and His Body

Christ came in his Father's Name, and all in Christ's Spiritual Body are baptized into God's Name (Mat 28:19; John 17:11, 20:31)

nm659» Priests  
  • Aaron and Sons are the priests.

See Exod 28:1.

Jesus and Sons = Body of Christ

Christ and his Church are the antitypical Priest and priests (Heb 7:21-22; Rev 1:6, 5:9-10).

nm660» Sacrifices and Offerings for Priests' Consecration  
  • Sacrifice of Bull and Two Rams without Blemish (Exod 29:1)
Unblemished Sacrifice = Christ

Christ is the real unblemished sacrifice: "but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ." (1Peter 1:19)

  • Basket of Unleavened Bread, Cakes, and Wafers with Oil and made of Wheat (Exod 29:2)
Christ's Spiritual bread

See # 4 above.

Spiritual Baptism washes (NM4)

Oil was from beaten olives (Exod 27:2; Lev 24:2)

Spiritual Oil of Christ (Heb 1:9; 1John 2:20,27). Christ was beaten for our sins
  • Blood of Bull put on Horn of Altar and poured out at bottom of altar (Exod 29:12)
Christ's Blood Poured Out

Not blood of bulls and goats, but Christ's blood being poured out is forgiveness of sins for all including the four beasts and to all the creation (Heb 9:12-14,28; NM13)

  • Fat of Bull, liver, two kidneys burned on the Altar (Exod 29:13)
Fat = Evil Burned up on the Altar

Lev 7:25: For whoever eats the fat of the animal from which an offering by fire is offered to the LORD, even the person who eats shall be cut off from his people.

In a sense, God's food is the fat and blood (Ezek 44:7; see God Papers). To destroy sin, God eats up the blood or life of the sinners and the "fat," which is the evil in mankind:

Ezek 34:16 "I will seek the lost, bring back the scattered, bind up the broken and strengthen the sick; but the fat and the strong I will destroy. I will feed them with judgment. 17 "As for you, My flock, thus says the Lord GOD, 'Behold, I will judge between one sheep and another, between the rams and the male goats.... 20 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD to them, "Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep.

Their heart is covered with fat, But I delight in Your law.(Pss 119:70)

And their [wicked] body is fat. (Pss 73:4)

But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked-- You are grown fat, thick, and sleek-- Then he forsook God who made him, And scorned the Rock of his salvation. (Deut 32:15)

  • Flesh, skin, dung of the sacrifices for sin were burned outside of camp: a sin offering (Exod 29:14; Lev 16:17)
Christ Suffered Outside the Gate

Christ was the antitypical sacrifice and therefore Christ had to die outside of the gate of Jerusalem and outside (before) the kingdom on earth:

Heb 13:11 For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the holy place by the high priest as an offering for sin, are burned outside the camp. 12 Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate.

Laying on of Hands
  • First Ram killed after Priest placed his hands on head of Ram (Exod 29:18)
Laying on of Hands

In the Old Testament, the placing of the hands on the animal represented placing the sins on the animal (Lev 16:21); the animal's death made atonement for sin by destroying sin with the animal.

But in the New Testament Jesus laid hands on the little children (Mat 19:13,15; Mark 10:16) and on the sick (Mat 9:18; Mark 6:5, etc.), and the apostles laid hands on those whom they baptized that they might receive the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:17,19, 19:6), and in healing (Acts 12:17). Christians received the Spirit and sin was thus sent away when hands were laid on them (1Tim 4:14; 2Tim 1:6).

  • First Ram's blood poured out and is therefore burnt on altar: a burnt offering (Exod 29:18)
See # 22 above
  • Second Ram killed, blood placed on right side of Priest (Exod 29:19-20)
By blood being placed on the right side it foreshadowed Christ death and his going to the right side of God.
  • Second Ram's Blood and anointing oil sprinkled on Aaron and his sons (Exod 29:21)
It is the antitypical Aaron (Christ) and his sons (Body of Christ) that have forgiveness because of Christ's blood and sacrifice.
  • Second Ram's fat, oiled and unleavened bread waved before Lord (Exod 29:22-24)
These are types of the real sacrifice of Christ, who is the real unleavened bread and oil who was an offering offered (waved) to God (Heb 10:10-12).
  • Waved items are then burned on the Altar as a burnt offering (Exod 29:25)
As the waved items were burnt or destroyed so was Christ. Christ is the antitype of the burnt offering of Abraham (Gen 22:2-8; Heb 11:17-19).
Eating the Sacrifice
  • Aaron and sons shall eat the flesh (Exod 29:27) of the ram and the bread in the basket (which atonement was made for) by the door of the tabernacle to consecrate them and make them holy (Exod 29:32-33; Lev 10:14-15,17)
Communion: Christians eat the Sacrifice

Christians who are the sons of Christ Spiritually eat the sacrificed body of Christ in this age before they go into the golden Holy Place. See NM16 under "Spiritual Bread" through "Communion" section.

Day of Atonement Sacrifices
  • A special "twin" goat ritual was performed on the day of Atonement (Lev 16)
One died for sin; the other was sent away never to appear as sin again. See NM15, under "Azazel" for more detail.
nm661» Continual Daily Offering
  • Daily offering on the altar before the door (veil) of two lambs, one in the evening and one in the morning, continual burnt offering, throughout Israel's generations (Exod 29:38-42) The daily offering was offered on the altar before the door of the tabernacle, where God and his glory would meet the children of Israel and sanctify them along with the priests (Exod 29:42-44).
Daily Sacrifices

These daily offerings of two lambs represent Christ's sacrifice for all the sins of mankind for all time, and also represent the sacrifices and suffering of mankind because of sin. It is a continuous suffering for mankind, until God sanctifies mankind. The sacrifices for mankind end at the coming of Christ when the door of the tabernacle (temple) is opened and the Saints are brought into the temple of God (Rev 11:19, 15:5; PR6; PR2 under "Daily Sacrifice").

nm662» Sin offering only for sin through ignorance All sin through ignorance

But even the killing of Christ was through ignorance (Luke 23:34; John 16:3; Acts 3:17; 1Cor 2:7-10; see NM13)

nm663» God Meets Israel in His Glory
  • God will meet Israel by the door of the tabernacle at the altar and will sanctify Aaron, the priest, and Israel there with his glory (Exod 29:43-44)
The door of the antitypical tabernacle opens and God's great glory is revealed for all when he returns (Rev 11:19, 15:5-8)

At the time the tabernacle or temple is opened is at the time of the wrath (Rev 11:18; see PR4-6) The tabernacle and temple are metonymical names for the same thing: The coming glorified Body of Christ.

Look and Dimensions of Tabernacle

Does it have any meaning?

nm664» We figure the size of Moses' Tabernacle in the following way:

  • We know some things like the size of the tent coverings (30 by 40 cubits) and the length of the boards (ten cubits) used to construct it (Exod 26:1-12). So the measurement may have been ten cubits wide, ten cubits high, and thirty cubits long or 10 x 30 x 10 cubits in size with the Holy of Holies being 10 x 10 x 10 cubits and the Holy Place being 10 x 20 x 10 cubits. This can be checked by examining David and Solomon's temple which kept the same relative shape of Moses' Tabernacle, but the measurement was increased to twice the width, length, and height of Moses' Tabernacle (1Kgs 6:16-20). The Holy of Holies (Oracle) was 20 x 20 x 20 cubits in size, while the Holy Place (house in front of the Oracle) was 20 x 40 x 20 cubits; thus, the all over size was 20 x 60 x 20 cubits which was twice the size of Moses' Tabernacle.

Without the tent covering, looking down from the top it looked something like this:


With the tent coverings, Moses' Tabernacle and outer court area looked something like this:

Tabernacle's Measurement: Higher Meaning

Holy Of Holies' Cubic Measurement and Time

nm665» One interpretation of the measurement of Moses' Tabernacle is that the cubic size of the Holy of Holies represented the length of Jesus Christ's kingdom on earth, since the Holy of Holies represents Christ since Christ went Spiritually into it after his death (Heb 9:8-11,23-24). The cubic volume is 10 x 10 x 10 cubits or 1000 cubits, or if cubits here indicate years (one cubit for each year), then Christ's kingdom will last for 1000 years.

Holy Place' Cubic Measurement and Time

nm666» One interpretation of the measurement of Moses' Tabernacle is that the cubic size of the Holy Place represented the length of time of the Church's age, since the Holy Place represents the Church with its candlesticks and incense of the prayers of the Church or saints (Rev 1:20, 8:3). The cubic volume is 10 x 20 x 10 cubits or 2000 cubits, or if cubits here indicate years (one cubit for each year), then the Church's age will last for 2000 years. The Holy Place was located just before the Holy of Holies, as the age of the Church is located in time just before the presence of God or the Holy of Holies.

Distance or Time between Israel and the Ark of the Covenant

nm667» The ark of the Covenant held God's presence and glory (1Sam 4:21-22). As physical Israel was going into the promised land, they were commanded to follow at a distance of 2000 cubits behind the Ark (and the priests carrying it):

  • And they commanded the people, saying, "When you see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God with the Levitical priests carrying it, then you shall set out from your place and go after it. "However, there shall be between you and it a distance of about 2,000 cubits by measure. Do not come near it, that you may know the way by which you shall go, for you have not passed this way before." (Josh 3:3-4)

Using the same logic as the two previous items, if cubits here indicate years, we see here that in the higher meaning, the people of Spiritual Israel are 2000 years (cubits) behind Christ who first went in and sat down on the Ark on the right side of God's presence about 2000 years ago (Heb 9:8-11,23-24). Spiritual Israel or the Church is 2000 years behind Christ (the first-one) on the way to a place they have not passed before (Josh 3:4b). The place they were going was into the presence of God (1Thess 2:19; Judah 1:24) unlike the others who are punished away from the presence of God (2Thess 1:9; Rev 6:16). At the end of the age, after the wrath and great tribulation, the temple or tabernacle of God will be opened (Rev 11:19, 15:8) and the Spiritual Israel (Church) will be in the presence and glory of God, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them ... and God himself shall be with them" (Rev 15:8, 21:3). "For we are the temple of the living God. As God has said: I will live with them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people" (2Cor 6:16).

Do the Tabernacle Dimensions Mean Anything?

nm668 » Do the dimensions really mean anything? Wasn't the dimension of Solomon's temple different than Moses' Tabernacle? Wasn't the second temple at Christ's time also different in dimensions? Why should we think there is something important about Moses' Tabernacle?

  • First, Moses Tabernacle was made just as God commanded on Mt Sinai: "Make the tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you" (Exod 25:9).
  • Second, look at what Paul said, "while the first tabernacle was yet standing, which was a type for the present time" (Heb 9:8-9). What this means is that Moses' Tabernacle was an example or type for the present era, the era of God's Spiritual Israel, the Church, his Body.

nm669» Even though Solomon's temple was built by the pattern given by David with the help of "the Spirit" (1Chr 28:11-12), the direction for Moses' tabernacle was given by God with great emphasis so that Moses would be very careful how he constructed the Tabernacle and its furniture (Exod 25:9,40; Num 8:4; Heb 8:5). Because Paul said that Moses' Tabernacle was a type for our time, we must give much more weight to the dimensions of Moses' Tabernacle versus Solomon's temple. In Solomon's temple the dimensions of the Holy of Holies and Holy Place were twice that of Moses' Tabernacle (see above).

Other Tabernacle or Temple Measurement Scripture

nm670» Other scripture also projects that the dimensions of certain key objects also are to give us hints. For example, the wall in Rev 21:17 was 144,000 cubits according "to the measurement of man, that is, angel." The number 144,000 happens to equal the number of the saints who are harvested at the end of the age (Rev 7:4, 14:3-4). And we know by other scripture, each man has an angel, his own angel (see, "Our Own Angel" above), so this verse points to the 144,000 with their own angel.

nm671» Another scripture to look at is Rev 11:1-2, where John was told to measure the temple of God "and them that worship therein," but to leave the outer court out of his measurement. When we study the Bible we see we can count or measure the number of the harvest, that is the 144,000 (Rev 14:3-4), but not the others outside of the symbolic "outer court" (see "Outer Court" above).

Spiritually Keeping The Passover

More Details

nm672» How then is Spiritual Israel to keep the feast or appointed time of the Passover? "Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven [the doctrines of man], neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth" (1Cor 5:8).

nm673» When do we keep this feast or this appointed time? Spiritually we keep it always, since we are out of spiritual Egypt and are in one of the seven Spiritual days.


nm674» What about sacrifice? Christ's death was for the new covenant with His Spirit that puts the law of God (love) in the minds of Christians, and their sins are no more remembered, they are forgiven. Therefore there is no more offering for sins by animals, for Christ's sacrifice takes away animal offerings (Heb 10:1-18), which were not pleasant to God anyway (Heb 10:5-6). Christians are living sacrifices (Rom 12:1) who sacrifice "the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of lips confessing to his name" (Heb 13:15).

Spiritual Bread

nm675» Do Christians eat unleavened bread for some religious reason? No! Christians do not do this because they Spiritually worship God as God asks us to worship (John 4:23-24). Since the higher or Spiritual meaning of unleavened bread is Truth (1Cor 5:8), and since God's Word is Truth (John 17:17; Jas 1:18); then Christ's Word is the unleavened bread which we eat. Therefore Christians eat Christ's Spiritual Word for the rest of the Spiritual seven days, they eat Spiritual food (1Cor 10:3) with the Spirit of Truth that comes from the Father through Christ (John 15:26, 16:13, 17:17,22 etc.).

nm676» Let's amplify on the eating of Spiritual unleavened bread. "I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live into the age" (John 6:51). Let's see what context this statement was made in.

nm677» The day after Jesus performed the miracle of feeding five thousand with a few loaves of bread, when it was near the time of the Passover festival (John 6:4-13), some people came to him (John 6:25-26). At that time Christ said to those who came to him:

  • "You seek me, not because you saw the miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled. Labor not for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures unto aeonian life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him has God the Father sealed" (John 6:26-27).

This was said around the Passover (v. 4), and Christ said to seek the bread that endures into aeonian life - the millennium and beyond.

Bread from Heaven

nm678» Then he went on and said, "Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father gives you the true bread from heaven . . .. I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall absolutely not hunger; and he that believes on me shall absolutely not thirst" (John 6:32,35). Here Jesus speaks of Spiritual bread, and Spiritual drink.

Water from Heaven

nm679» There is Spiritual food and drink as the following verses indicate: "And did all eat of the same Spiritual food, and did all drink the same Spiritual drink" (1Cor 10:3-4). "Jesus answered and said unto her, whosoever drinks of this water that I shall give him shall not into the ages thirst; but the water [Spiritual] that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into aeonian life" (John 4:13-14). "Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst let him come unto me, and drink. He that believes on me, as the scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water (But this spoke he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive.)" (John 7:37-39).

Living Bread

nm680» Christ continued: "I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live into the age: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world ... Whoso eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has aeonian life; and I will raise him up at the last day ... He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him ... It is the Spirit that makes alive; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I have spoken unto you, they are Spirit, and they are life" (John 6:51,54,56,63).

Eating His Flesh

nm681» Notice that after Christ finished speaking about eating his flesh and drinking his blood, he said the words he had just spoken were Spiritual, and that they were life. He said we must eat his flesh, or his bread, since he said they were the same (v. 51), in order to live into the age of peace. And when we do eat his bread, or flesh, and drink his blood we would be in him and he in us. Since these words were Spiritual, Christ meant that if we "ate" his Spiritual bread, or if we were nourished by his Spiritual body; then we would dwell in him, and he in us (cf John 1:5; Rom 8:9-17; 1Cor 12:12-13,27; Eph 5:29-30; see "Proof of Being a Christian"). When we are in Christ's Spiritual body (the Church) we are nourished by his Spiritual flesh, which is his Spiritual bread, and by his Spiritual blood.

nm682» "Whoso eats my flesh [bread, v. 51], and drinks my [Spiritual] blood, has aeonian life . . .. I live through the Father [his Father is Spirit, John 4:24]: so he that eats me [his Spiritual bread, or Spiritual body, or Spiritual blood], even he shall live through me" (John 6:54,57). The only way one can get aeonian life, and to live through Christ, is to be in the Body of Christ, which is the Church. And the only way one can be in the Church is to have the Spirit of God the Father (1Cor 12:12-13). It was by this Spirit that Christ lived; it is by this Spirit that we live. We can only eat his bread, flesh, and blood when we have the Spirit. When we have his Spirit we are "eating" his flesh.

Eat, This is my Body

nm683» "Then it came [aorist - a verb of action, not time] towards the day of unleavened bread, when the Passover must be killed" (Luke 22:7). Or, "And towards the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover..." (Mark 14:12). It was the day just before the Passover - the 13th - that he sent his apostles to make ready for the Passover (Luke 22:8-13, see Notes). "And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: for I say unto you, I will not eat it, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God" (Luke 22:14-16; see the Greek). It was the evening of the 13th when he was eating, and he said he would not eat it, until it was fulfilled in the kingdom of God. Of course he did not eat the Passover that evening because:

  • (1) it was one day before it was to be eaten according to scripture (John 18:28);
  • (2) he said he would not eat it until it was fulfilled in the kingdom of God;
  • (3) it was fulfilled perfectly only after he died as the antitypical Passover;
  • (4) the meal of the 13th was not eaten in haste as the Passover was commanded to be eaten (Exod 12:11), for in this evening during this meal Christ stopped and washed all the apostles feet (John 13:1-12; see notes). 

nm684» But right after the evening of the 13th, in the night of the 14th right near or at sunset, Christ "took bread: and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, 'take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.' After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had the supper, saying, 'this cup is the new covenant in my blood: this do you, as often as you drink it in remembrance of me.' For as often as you eat this bread, and drink this cup, you do proclaim the Lord's death till he come ... For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks judgement to himself, not recognizing the Lord's body" (1Cor 11:23-29).

What Is The Lord's Body?

nm685» "For as the body is one, and has many members, and all members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body . . .. Now you are the body of Christ, and members in particular . . .. For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones . . .. for his [Christ's] body's sake, which is the Church" (1Cor 12:12-13,27; Eph 5:30; Col 1:24). Christ's body is the Church. Christians are members of Christ's body, we are of his flesh, blood, and bones. We are nourished by his body (Eph 5:29). His body, or Church, is Spiritual. We eat and drink his flesh, bread, or blood when we are nourished by it, if we are of his body. And we are only of his body when we are in the Church and have the Spirit of God in us. And if we have the Spirit, then we are of Christ's body - his flesh and blood - and are nourished by it Spiritually.

Communion and Breaking of Bread

nm686» Therefore "the cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the common sharing of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the common sharing of the body of Christ? For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread" (1Cor 10:16-17). That one bread is Christ - the bread of life (John 6:35,48,51). And that bread is Spiritual. We are in communion, or in sharing with Christ's body when we share the Holy Spirit (1Cor 12:12-13; 2Cor 13:14). Hence, we drink his blood and eat his flesh when we are Spiritually in the Church; and we are in remembrance of Christ, and we do proclaim the death of Christ until he comes because we are Spiritually in his Church; and his Spirit and those in his Spirit project Christ's Spirit and proclaim Christ's death and gospel always until he comes (Mat 24:14). Christ was the real sacrificial lamb of God, the real sacrifice for sin (John 1:29; 1Pet 1:18-19). By Spiritually eating his Spiritual Body or Bread, we fulfill the Old Testament scripture where the priests ate parts of the sacrificed animals for a peace offering (Exod 29:32-33; Lev 10:14-15,17).

Unleavened v. Leavened Bread

nm687» The unleavened bread Christians eat are the doctrines of Christ since the leaven are the doctrines of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees, which are merely the doctrines of mankind, which are hypocrisy (Mat 16:12; Mark 7:5-9; Luke 12:1). The unleavened bread that Christians eat is that truth (1 Cor 5:8). The bread we break is the bread of Christ - the doctrines of Christ with the sharing of his Spirit and the sharing of the Spirit's understanding of Christ's doctrines. The apostles continued after Christ's death "in breaking of bread" (Acts 2:42, 20:11). The Christians "come together to eat" (1Cor 11:33) the doctrines of Christ and share in the Spirit.

When Eating Wait for Each Other

nm688» Paul in 1Cor 11:17-34, was telling them when they came together to eat Christ's bread to tarry "one for another," "for in eating every one takes before the others his own supper: one is hungry, and another is drunken." In other words, when Christians come together they should not go over some of the congregation's heads in the teaching of doctrine. If some are hungry for deeper doctrines on Christ, let them do it at home, and let the Church assembly be for the not so deep doctrines, or not so complex doctrines of Christ. Some doctrines may make some "weak" Christians "drunk." Yet to others the same teaching of these doctrines will not satisfy them because the teachers may not go into even more difficult aspects of the doctrines. Read 1Cor 11:17-34 in a Spiritual way, remembering that the bread eaten is the doctrines of Christ.

Break Bread

nm689» Notice how Christ broke the bread: "And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and broke, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude" (Mat 14:19, 15:36; Mark 8:6; etc). This antitypically signifies the Spiritual words originating from Christ who gave, and gives, it to his disciples then, and now, through his physical word and Spiritual word. His disciples gave, and now give, the bread of Christ's doctrines to the people.

Showbread and Candlesticks

nm690» The bread is typically represented as the "showbread" or as translated - "loaves of the setting before" (see Luke 6:4-5). These loaves of bread were set before the candlesticks of the physical tabernacle (Exod 40:22-24; Lev 24:5-6). The candlesticks represent the Church (Rev 1:20). The olive oil used with these lamps represents the Spirit in the Church (1Sam 16:13; 1John 3:27). Thus, the "showbread" typified the bread of Christ and his doctrines put before the Church.

Olive Oil

nm691» The oil in the candlesticks was "pure olive oil beaten for light" (Exod 27:20). This typified the oil (Spirit) that was given to the Church because Christ, the True Olive Tree (Rom 11:17-24) was beaten for us. The loaves of bread before the candlesticks were unleavened bread made with olive oil (Exod 29:2-3; Lev 2:4). This oil signifies the only way Christ's unleavened bread (doctrines) can be eaten; they must be eaten with oil of the Spirit, that is, with God's Spirit.


nm692» Christians are set apart by Christ's sacrifice (Heb 10:10). The "ram of consecration" is only one of the sacrificed animals that were representative of Christ's sacrifice (Exod 29:19-22; Lev 8:22-24). The eating of this ram of consecration, and the unleavened bread with it, typified the eating of Christ's body and bread (Exod 29:2,31-33), for we are the Spiritual sons of Aaron because Christ is the antitypical high priest who has Spiritually taken over Aaron's office (Heb chaps. 8, 9, 10).


nm693» Christ's sacrificed blood is the blood of the new covenant (Luke 22:20). His blood makes it possible for us to receive God's laws into our hearts and minds (Heb 10:12-17). This is the antitypical event corresponding to Moses sprinkling blood on physical Israel when they received the laws of God (Exod 24:5-8). But physical Israel didn't receive the laws of God inside their minds and hearts at that time (Deut 29:4, 30:6; Jer 9:26). It is the Spiritual Israel of God which receives the law of God into their minds through the medium of God's Spirit. The Israel of God is the Church (Gal 6:16). This new law is what Paul called the "law of God" (Rom 7:22; see "Old Mind Paper" [NM 21]). The old law that was done away with because of Christ's death, was the law of Moses that was only written on stone and not in the minds of man (Eph 2:15). Paul called this old law the "law of sin" (Rom 7:23,25). The law given by Moses was a law of sin because Israel was without God's Spirit, and thus unable to keep the commandments in Truth (Rom 8:7). Physical Israel only had the other-mind or enemy spirit, which misleads people to the way of sin. This adverse spirit uses the written ten commandments to mislead people into the way or law of sin (Rom 7:8). The other-mind enjoys doing the opposite to the laws of love, and since it is inside the minds of mankind, this law of sin, this other-mind, transmits its desire to the world's people. But since to break the laws of love, or the system of love (see the "Freedom & Law Paper" [NM 17]), brings unhappiness, the person who breaks the laws is harmed thereby, yet feels inside his confused mind a twisted delight in breaking the laws of harmony. This delight comes from the other-mind or other spirit inside of him.

Sacrifice for All

nm694» As the sacrifices of atonement were made for the Israelites and the stranger (Num 15:28-29), so too was Christ's sacrifice for ALL (1Tim 2:5-6).

Eat Leavened Bread: Be Cut Off

nm695» As those who ate leavened bread in the typical festival of the Passover were cut off, so too are those in this age who eat leavened bread, or the doctrines of man with only the other-mind to guide them, they are cut off from Christ's sacrifice in this age (Exod 12:19).


Passover Scriptures

nm696» The chief priests of the Jews had a meeting wherein they took counsel to kill Christ (Luke 22:2; John 11:47-53).

Because of those out to kill him, Christ no more could walk openly (John 11:54).

The Passover wherein Christ was killed was near, and many had come to Jerusalem for the festival and were wondering among themselves whether Christ would show up at the festival or not. The chief priests had given directions that if any knew where Christ was that they should point him out to them so the priests could take Jesus (John 11:55-57).

9th of NISAN, a Friday

nm697» Then six days before the Passover (the 9th of Nisan), Christ came to Bethany which is only a few miles from Jerusalem (John 11:17, 12:1).

At that time they had a supper wherein Mary anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair (Mat 26:6-7; Mark 14:3; John 12:2-3).

Some of the disciples had indignation inside their minds at this act, and one named Judas Iscariot, said: "Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?" (Mat 26:8-9; Mark 14:4-5; John 12:4-6)

Then when Jesus understood what was being said, he spoke saying, "let her alone: that of the day of my burial may she keep it" (John 12:7). The Mary that anointed Christ was Mary Magdalene, who later brought this ointment to Christ's tomb on the day of his resurrection along with some spices she and others had bought and prepared the day before Christ's resurrection (Mat 28:1; Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56-24:1) (Mat 26:10-13; Mark 14:6-9; John 12:7-8).

10th of NISAN, a Saturday

nm698» Now right after this supper, right after sunset, thus on the 10th of Nisan, Judas the betrayer of Christ went to the chief priests and said he would help them take Jesus in the absence of a great crowd. Because of this the priests were glad that Judas would betray Christ, and gave him 30 pieces of silver. Further, they consulted if they shouldn't also put Lazarus to death since many of the Jews believed in Jesus because Christ had previously resurrected Lazarus from the dead (Mat 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6; John 12:9-11).

On the next day after Christ came to Bethany, which was the daylight hours of the same 24 hour day that Judas had betrayed Christ to the priests, Christ came into Jerusalem - 10th day of Nisan (John 12:12).

Christ rode on an ass into Jerusalem, and the people cried, "Hosanna; Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord [YHWH]." This was the 10th day of the Jews 1st month - Nisan (Mat 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:28-40).

In the 10th day of Nisan after he entered into Jerusalem, Jesus went into the temple (Mark 11:11).

Then in the evening just before sunset, Christ went into Bethany, a town a few miles from Jerusalem (Mark 11:11).

11th of NISAN, a Sunday

nm699» Now in the morrow (the next day, that is the 11th of Nisan), Christ came from Bethany back into Jerusalem (Mark 11:12-15).

It was the 11th, and again Christ goes into the temple in Jerusalem (Mat 21:12; Mark 11:15; Luke 19:45).

At this time Christ put the money changers out of the temple (Mat 21:12-16; Mark 11:15-18; Luke 19:45-46).

During this time period just before the Passover, Christ was teaching daily in the temple (Luke 19:47).

Then in the evening of the 11th he went out of Jerusalem again and went into Bethany (Mat 21:17; Mark 11:19).

12th of NISAN, a Monday

nm700» After he stayed in Bethany, he came back into Jerusalem on the next day, the 12th (Mat 21:18; Mark 11:20).

When they returned into Jerusalem, the disciples with Christ noticed the tree Christ cursed the previous day (Mark 11:13-14), and how it already had dried up (Mat 21:19-20; Mark 11:21).

At this time on the 12th Christ entered again into the temple (Mat 21:23; Mark 11:27; Luke 20:1).

At this time on the 12th, Christ taught various parables (Mat 21:23-23:39; Mark 11:27-12:44; Luke 20:1-21:4).

Then Christ went out of the temple, and taught his disciples on the mount of Olives about the time of the end of the age (Mark 13:1-33; Luke 21:5-36: Mat 24-25).

At that time on the 12th of Nisan, Christ noted that after two days would be the feast of unleavened bread, which some call the Passover festival (Luke 22:1) (Mat 26:1-2; Mark 14:1).

At this time Christ mentioned that he is betrayed (for on the 10th remember Judas went to the chief priests to betray Jesus) (Mat 26:2).

The chief priests had decided at that time that Christ shouldn't be taken on the feast day (the 15th, Num 28:17), because there might be an uproar among the people (Mat 26:3-5; Mark 14:1-2).

But remember on the 10th Judas had come to the chief priests, and said he would betray Jesus (Mat 26:6-16; Mark 14:3-11; Luke 22:3-6; John 12:1-11).

After Christ had returned from the temple on the 12th, after he taught many parables (see above), and after he on Mount Olives had spoken of the end of the age that late evening of the 12th (or early on the 13th after sunset), he then stayed on Mount Olives in Bethany (note Luke 24:50 with Acts 1:12) (Luke 21:37).

13th of NISAN, a Tuesday

nm701» The next day on the 13th, Jesus taught in the temple again after he abode in Bethany the night of the 13th, for at this time Jesus was teaching daily in the temple (Luke 19:47) (Luke 21:38).

Before the feast of the Passover, on the evening of the 13th, after Christ had taught during the daylight of the 13th in the temple, he was again in Bethany, and was eating his supper, as he had been doing each evening since he had began teaching in the temple on the 10th (John 13:1).

The home he was staying in was that of Mary Magdalene, Martha, and Lazarus (John 12:1).

Jesus on the 13th had instructed the apostles to get a room and make it ready for the Passover meal, which was to occur on the 14th (Mat 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13).

[[Let's correct a few verses that were mistranslated in many English translations of the Bible. These corrections were made using a Greek text. Mat 26:17 should read: "now towards the first [day] of unleavened [bread] approaches the disciples to Jesus ... " And Mark 14:12 should read: "and towards the first day of the unleavened [bread], when they kill the Passover, his disciples say to him . . .." And Luke 22:7 should read: "now it came towards the day of unleavened [bread], in which was needful to be killed the Passover." Therefore what these verses are saying is that towards or near the 14th day when the Passover was to be killed, the disciples had asked Christ where they would eat the Passover the next day. Now in Mat 26:19; Mark 14:16, and Luke 22:13 the Greek verbal word translated "they made ready" is an aorist word that indicates a verbal action without indicating the time of the action. Thus, it can mean action in the past, present, or future. According to the context of this verse this Greek word should have been rendered in the following manner: "were to make ready" the Passover in the certain house where Christ said to prepare it. Christ had ordered them to prepare for the Passover, but the events surrounding Christ's betrayal made it impossible to go and eat the Passover.]]

The evening of the 13th came and Christ was in Bethany at supper with his disciples. "And supper taking place..." (Mat 26:20-21; Mark 14:17-18; Luke 22:14; John 13:2).

"Washing Feet" and Principle of Serving

nm702» Now at this supper taking place on the evening of the 13th just before sunset, "the devil already having put into the heart of Judas" to deliver Christ up, Jesus "rises from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and wrapped himself" (John 13:2-4). It was on the 10th of Nisan that Judas had gone to the chief priests, and now Judas was at this meal on the 13th. Christ thus rose from the meal and began to wash the disciples feet, and did wash their feet (John 13:4-11).

nm703» Then Jesus sat down again to supper (John 13:12). After he sat down Christ told the disciples what he had just done, "you call me teacher and the Lord: and you say well; for so I am. If then, your Lord and teacher have washed your feet; you also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. Truly, truly, I say unto you, the servant is not greater than his Lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If you know these things, happy are you if you do them" (John 13:12-17).

nm704» Some who only look to the physical meaning of Christ's words have gotten the meaning from this that we should perform some kind of ritual on the Passover that has to do with washing others' feet. Somehow they think that evening that Christ instructed them in a ritual to be performed by Christians. But we are to worship God Spiritually (John 4:23-24), not with rituals.

nm705» Christ was speaking of a principle of serving one another. He was saying if the Lord serves, then his disciples should also serve others, for the disciple is not above the Lord. While they were eating that evening some had a strife among themselves as to who was the greatest (Luke 22:24). Christ's answer to this strife was, "and he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But you shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that does serve. For whether is greater, he that sits at meat, or he that serves? Is not he that sits at meat? But I am among you as he that serves" (Luke 22:25-27).

nm706» Jesus was saying that the kind of lordship exercised by man is not the kind of lordship he himself was performing. Christ who is to be King of kings serves, and so are the apostles to do so. The leaders of the world should serve the peoples' needs, but they don't, they oppress. Christ showed the way to lead and lord over people - He served them.

  • "And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many" (Mat 20:27-28).
  • "But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted" (Mat 23:11-12).
  • "If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all" (Mark 9:35).

nm707» Christ time after time taught the disciples that the greatest thing was to serve others (Mark 10:42-44; Luke 9:46-48). And again on the evening of the 13th he again by using the example of washing their feet, said that the greatest thing was to serve, not to lord over others. "It is more blessed to give then to receive" (Acts 20:35). The washing of the feet was a reiteration of the principle of giving and serving. We must try our best to follow this principle always, not just on one day of the year.

nm708» During this meal Jesus broke the bread, and passed it around, and said he could "not eat it," the Passover, with them until it was fulfilled in the kingdom of God (Mat 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:15-20).

nm709» And during this meal, Christ revealed who would deliver him up that night (14th, after sunset; after the supper they were eating on the 13th before sunset) (Mat 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:21-23; John 13:21-29).

14th of NISAN, a Wednesday

nm710» (1) It was Judas Iscariot, and right after he took the piece of bread, which pointed him out as the betrayer (yet the apostles didn't understand), Judas immediately went out, "and it was night." That is, right after sunset Judas went out to bring the chief priests to take Jesus (John 13:30). They were in Bethany, which is on the side of Mount Olives, when they were eating this meal (see above).

(2) After they sang a hymn, they went onto Mount Olives, and brought two swords with them so scripture could be fulfilled (Mat 26:30; Mark 14:26; Luke 22:35-39).

(3) On Mount Olives Christ speaks of various matters to the apostles. (The scripture is vague as to whether these things were spoke still in the house in Bethany, or near the house, or somewhere on the mount of Olives.) (Mat 26:31-35; Mark 14:26-31; John 13:31-17:36)

(4) At Gethsemane (probably on the mount of Olives) he enters into a garden to pray (Mat 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46; John 18:1).

(5) Judas knew where this garden was, for Jesus came often to it to pray (John 18:2).

(6) It was in this garden that Judas came with the chief priests and Pharisees, who came with lanterns and torches because it was at night on the 14th after sunset in the night (Mat 26:47; Mark 14:43; Luke 22:47; John 18:3).

(7) At this time Judas revealed Christ by greeting him with a kiss. Peter cut off an ear of a guard, but Christ healed the ear. Then all the disciples "forsook him, and fled" (Mat 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:4-11).

(8) Then the band of men with the chief priests bound Christ and brought him, and led him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest that same year (John 18:12-13).

(9) Then they took Christ to Caiaphas the high priest (John 18:24).

(10) During that time Peter denied Christ three times as Jesus foretold (Mat 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; Luke 22:54-65; John 18:15-27).

[[Now early [day] was come" (Mat 27:l). Or, "and real early [in the 24 hour day or in the day light], the chief priests" (Mark 15:1). Or, "and as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests" (Luke 22:66). Or, "and it was early [in the 24 hour day]; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall" (John 18:28). These verses were corrected from the Greek text. It was early in the day, that is, sometime in the first 12 hours of the 14th of Nisan. (See Chronology Papers, CP4, for more information about "morning," "evening," "early" etc.) It probably was the early part of the day light time.]]

(11) At dawn of the new day light (Mat 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66; John 18:28), the chief priests and the elders came to take Christ, and right after they had him before the high priest, they brought him to the judgement hall to Pilate (Mat 27:1-2; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-23:1; John 18:28-29). Pilate sent Jesus to Herod Antipas because "he knew that he was of Herod's jurisdiction" (Luke 23:6-7). But Herod after mocking Jesus sent him back to Pilate (Luke 23:8-12).

(12) Then Jesus was tried and sent to be crucified (Mat 27:2-31; Mark 15:2-20; Luke 23:2-25; John 18:29-19:16).

(13) During that 24 hour day Judas the Betrayer killed himself (Mat 27:3-10; Acts 1:16-20).

(14) Then they crucified Christ (Mat 27:32-56; Mark 15:21-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:16-37).

(15) The Passover was prepared and killed on the 14th of Nisan, and also the 14th was a day to prepare for the 15th, which was an annual Sabbath wherein no work was to be done. Thus, because of a law that a body could not hang or remain on a tree (stake or wood cross) during the night, but must be taken down the very same day (Lev 21:23; cf Josh 8:29, 10:26-27). "The Jews therefore ... besought Pilate ... that he might be taken away" (John 19:31).

(16) Therefore Christ was quickly buried just before sunset, just before the annual Sabbath of the 15th (Mat 27:57-61; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:53-55; John 19:40-42).

(17) Right after the burial "they returned" to their houses (Luke 23:1,56st part of verse).

15th of NISAN, a Thursday

nm711» This was day of the annual Sabbath, a "high day" or festival Sabbath for Jews (Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31; see text under "Passover").

16th of NISAN, a Friday

nm712» After this one annual Sabbath (the 15th) some women bought spices, and they prepared these spices and the ointments that Mary Magdalene had saved (John 12:7). (Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56, middle part of verse).

17th of NISAN, a Saturday

nm713» Now late on the Sabbaths [of that week] they came to the tomb of Christ with the Spices (Mat 28:1 with corrected translation from the Greek text). Note: It should read "Sabbaths" in this verse. The last day of the week is the Sabbath. But in this week there were two Sabbaths because the 15th, on a Thursday that year, was an annual Sabbath. Therefore they came to the tomb late on the second Sabbath.

Jesus was then resurrected on the last of the evening, just before sunset, on the second Sabbath. He laid in the tomb from late Wednesday evening to late Saturday evening, exactly three days and three nights as he said he would in Mat 12:38-40, 27:63, and Mark 9:31 (Mat 28:2).

NOTE: See the Chronology Papers, CP4, for more information on Christ's death and resurrection.

What is the new freedom Christians have? Is there freedom in law? Do we have to keep the ten commandments? Was the Old Testament laws abolished? Is there a Spiritual law? Click "next" to continue. ]

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